Measuring the Effect of Economic Growth on Countries’ Environmental Efficiency: A Conditional Directional Distance Function Approach

George E. Halkos, Shunsuke Managi

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

17 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Using a recently developed probabilistic approach of a conditional directional distance function, we measure the effect of economic growth on countries’ environmental efficiency in carbon dioxide emissions for a sample of 99 countries over the period of 1980–2010. Our approach directly accounts for the exogenous factors influencing countries’ environmental production; therefore, we do not impose the separability condition on the estimated environmental efficiencies. When examining the entire sample as well as the sample of developed countries, our results reveal an inverted U-shaped relationship between countries’ GDP per capita and environmental efficiency. However, when examining the relationship for the sample of developing countries, the results reveal an N-shaped form. Moreover, our results show that countries ratifying the Kyoto Protocol tend to have higher efficiency scores, implying that their mitigation activity is less costly.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)753-775
ページ数23
ジャーナルEnvironmental and Resource Economics
68
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 経済学、計量経済学
  • 管理、モニタリング、政策と法律

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