Mechanical loading induced osteocyte apoptosis and connexin 43 expression in three-dimensional cell culture and dental implant model

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

1 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Osteocytes are thought to act as stress sensors, and are known to display a gap junction-mediated stress-transfer mechanism. To demonstrate the stress-related function of osteocytes, cells of an osteocyte-like cell line derived from murine long bone osteocyte Y4 (MLO-Y4) were cultivated in a three-dimensional culture and subjected to cyclic loading from a titanium plate. This application of physiological loading using a titanium plate significantly increased connexin 43 (Cx43) expression, the number of dead and apoptotic cells, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand expression. Furthermore, the conditioned medium from the loaded osteocytes induced alkaline phosphatase activity in bone marrow cell culture. In addition, we immunohistologically determined whether bone metabolism increased as a result of the occlusal force in the bone surrounding the titanium implants in a rat model. Increased Cx43 expression and apoptotic osteocytes were observed in the loading group as well as a significantly increased number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells. These findings indicate that stress from the implant adversely affected the osteocytes, which may promote osteoclastic and osteoblastic cell formation around the implants.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)815-827
ページ数13
ジャーナルJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
107
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 4 1 2019

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Connexin 43
Dental prostheses
Cell death
Cell culture
Bone
Titanium
Apoptosis
Phosphatases
Cells
Conditioned Culture Medium
Acid Phosphatase
Metabolism
Alkaline Phosphatase
Rats
Ligands
Acids
Sensors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys

これを引用

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title = "Mechanical loading induced osteocyte apoptosis and connexin 43 expression in three-dimensional cell culture and dental implant model",
abstract = "Osteocytes are thought to act as stress sensors, and are known to display a gap junction-mediated stress-transfer mechanism. To demonstrate the stress-related function of osteocytes, cells of an osteocyte-like cell line derived from murine long bone osteocyte Y4 (MLO-Y4) were cultivated in a three-dimensional culture and subjected to cyclic loading from a titanium plate. This application of physiological loading using a titanium plate significantly increased connexin 43 (Cx43) expression, the number of dead and apoptotic cells, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand expression. Furthermore, the conditioned medium from the loaded osteocytes induced alkaline phosphatase activity in bone marrow cell culture. In addition, we immunohistologically determined whether bone metabolism increased as a result of the occlusal force in the bone surrounding the titanium implants in a rat model. Increased Cx43 expression and apoptotic osteocytes were observed in the loading group as well as a significantly increased number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells. These findings indicate that stress from the implant adversely affected the osteocytes, which may promote osteoclastic and osteoblastic cell formation around the implants.",
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AU - Takemura, Yoko

AU - Moriyama, Yasuko

AU - Ayukawa, Yasunori

AU - Kurata, Kosaku

AU - Rakhmatia, Yunia D.

AU - Koyano, Kiyoshi

PY - 2019/4/1

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N2 - Osteocytes are thought to act as stress sensors, and are known to display a gap junction-mediated stress-transfer mechanism. To demonstrate the stress-related function of osteocytes, cells of an osteocyte-like cell line derived from murine long bone osteocyte Y4 (MLO-Y4) were cultivated in a three-dimensional culture and subjected to cyclic loading from a titanium plate. This application of physiological loading using a titanium plate significantly increased connexin 43 (Cx43) expression, the number of dead and apoptotic cells, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand expression. Furthermore, the conditioned medium from the loaded osteocytes induced alkaline phosphatase activity in bone marrow cell culture. In addition, we immunohistologically determined whether bone metabolism increased as a result of the occlusal force in the bone surrounding the titanium implants in a rat model. Increased Cx43 expression and apoptotic osteocytes were observed in the loading group as well as a significantly increased number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells. These findings indicate that stress from the implant adversely affected the osteocytes, which may promote osteoclastic and osteoblastic cell formation around the implants.

AB - Osteocytes are thought to act as stress sensors, and are known to display a gap junction-mediated stress-transfer mechanism. To demonstrate the stress-related function of osteocytes, cells of an osteocyte-like cell line derived from murine long bone osteocyte Y4 (MLO-Y4) were cultivated in a three-dimensional culture and subjected to cyclic loading from a titanium plate. This application of physiological loading using a titanium plate significantly increased connexin 43 (Cx43) expression, the number of dead and apoptotic cells, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand expression. Furthermore, the conditioned medium from the loaded osteocytes induced alkaline phosphatase activity in bone marrow cell culture. In addition, we immunohistologically determined whether bone metabolism increased as a result of the occlusal force in the bone surrounding the titanium implants in a rat model. Increased Cx43 expression and apoptotic osteocytes were observed in the loading group as well as a significantly increased number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive cells. These findings indicate that stress from the implant adversely affected the osteocytes, which may promote osteoclastic and osteoblastic cell formation around the implants.

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