Mechanism and kinetics of the post-spinel transformation in Mg2SiO4

Tomoaki Kubo, Eiji Ohtani, Takumi Kato, Satoru Urakawa, Akio Suzuki, Yuichi Kanbe, Ken Ichi Funakoshi, Wataru Utsumi, Takumi Kikegawa, Kiyoshi Fujino

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

59 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Mechanisms and kinetics of the post-spinel transformation in Mg2SiO4 were examined at 22.7-28.2 GPa and 860-1200°C by in situ X-ray diffraction experiments using synchrotron radiation combined with microstructural observations of the recovered samples. The post-spinel phases nucleated on spinel grain boundaries and grew with a lamellar texture. Under large overpressure conditions, reaction rims were formed along spinel grain boundaries at the initial stage of the transformation, whereas under small overpressure conditions, the transformation proceeded without formation of reaction rims. Mg2SiO4 spinel metastably dissociated into MgSiO3 ilmenite and periclase, and stishovite and periclase as intermediate steps in the transformation into the stable assemblage of MgSiO3 perovskite and periclase. Topotactic relationships were found in the transformation from spinel into ilmenite and periclase. Kinetic parameters in the Avrami rate equation, time taken to 10% completion, and the growth rate were estimated by analysis of the kinetic data obtained by in situ X-ray observations. The empirical activation energy for 10% transformation decreases with increasing pressure because the activation energy for nucleation becomes smaller at larger overpressure conditions. Extrapolations of the 10% transformation to ∼700°C, which is the lowest temperature expected for the cold slabs at ∼700 km depth, suggest that overpressure of more than ∼1 GPa is needed for the transformation. Because the growth rate is estimated to be large even at low-temperatures of ∼700°C and overpressures of 1 GPa, the depth of the post-spinel transformation in the cold slabs is possibly controlled by nucleation kinetics.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)153-171
ページ数19
ジャーナルPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
129
1-2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2002
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 地球物理学
  • 物理学および天文学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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