Membrane tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are unique intercellular structures, which enable rapid transport of various materials and rapid communication between cells present in a long distance. During osteoclastogenesis, mononuclear osteoclast precursors form abundant TNTs in prior to cell-cell fusion. Here we introduce a protocol for detecting TNTs during osteoclastogenesis by use of live cell imaging utilizing a confocal laser microscopy. We also demonstrate a standard protocol for observation of TNTs by scanning electron microscope.
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