知的障害者の物語伝達場面におけるメタコミュニケーション

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

The present study examined metacommunicative interactions of individuals with mild to moderate mental retardation. Participants were 15 adults with mental retardation (MA 3:9-6:10, CA 21:0-53:0), 15 adolescents with mental retardation (MA 7:8-10:8, CA 15:10-18:2), and 20 children without mental retardation, 10 of whom were 6 years old, and 10, nine years old. After watching a videotape of a Pingu story, participants each communicated the story to 2 listeners, a friend and the experimenter. The effect of the listener's developmental level was analyzed. The results indicated that the syntactic complexity, semantic diversity, and functional aspects of speech of the individuals with mental retardation were responsive to the cognitive and linguistric level of their listener. The participants' attitude at the beginning of an utterance was also examined. The results indicated that individuals with mental retardation used gestures, monitored the listeners' comprehension level, and got the listeners' attention. In summary, the findings of the present study were that these adolescents and adults with mental retardation were more metacommunicative than children without mental retardation.
寄稿の翻訳タイトルMetacommunication: Stories Communicated by Individuals with Mild to Moderate Mental Retardation
本文言語Japanese
ページ(範囲)427-437
ページ数11
ジャーナルJapanese Journal of Educational Psychology
49
4
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2001

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