Prediabetes, typically defined as impaired glucose tolerance and/or impaired fasting blood glucose, is a high-risk state of developing diabetes. The association of diabetes-related metabolites with prediabetes has not been investigated intensively. This study aimed to get insights into the metabolic behaviors of some typical diabetes-related metabolites in plasma of male Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rats during pathogenic progress of diabetes and to assess in vivo if the variation in these metabolites related to the progression of prediabetic stage. To address this question, SDT rats and Sprague Dawley (SD) rats as control were maintained from the age of 7 to 25 weeks. Five typical advanced glycation end products (AGEs) residue of plasma protein and their free adducts were determined by liquid chromatography with tandem mass detection over the duration of the investigation. The SDT rats exhibited impaired glucose tolerance since the age of 12 weeks and developed diabetes with significantly elevated fasting glucose levels after 22 weeks. At the prediabetic stage (12–21 weeks), no significant differences were observed on AGEfree adducts levels of SDT rats compared with SD rats. However, methylglyoxal- derived hydroimidazolone (MG-H1) residue contents of plasma protein were significantly elevated in SDT rats at the age of 16 weeks, whereas other AGE residues of plasma protein did not show marked difference. The present study has revealed significant increase in MG-H1 residue content of plasma protein at the prediabetic stage of a spontaneously diabetic rat model, irrespective of unaltered fasting blood glucose and constant plasma levels of other AGEs.
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