The thermoelectric properties of sintered bodies of NaCo2O4, which is so far the most promising p-type candidate for oxide thermoelectric material, are investigated in terms of their sintering conditions. Double-step sintering, for which single-phase NaCo2O4 obtained by calcination and sintering with addition of 10% excess of Na each time is re-ground and sintered again, is revealed to attain a marked improvement in the thermoelectric performance of the oxide. The improvement is due to increase in both Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity, and is attributed to a distinct enhancement of the two-dimensionality in the crystallites constituting the sintered body. The oxide sintered body consequently attains the figure-of-merit of 0.88×10-3 K-1 at 600 °C, and the maximum ZT of 0.78 at 800 °C.
|ジャーナル||Funtai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 11 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry