Carbon steel is one of the candidate overpack materials for high-level waste disposal and is expected to assure complete containment of vitrified waste glass during an initial period of 1000 years in Japan. The lifetime of the carbon steel overpack will depend on its corrosion rate. The corrosion rate of carbon steel is reduced by the presence of buffer material such as bentonite, Buffer material will delay the supply of corrosive materials and discharge of corrosion products through it. Carbon steel overpack will be corroded by consuming oxygen introduced by repository construction after closure of repository and then will keep the reducing environment in the vicinity of repository. The reducing condition will be expected to retard the migration of redox-sensitive radionuclides by lowering their solubilities. Therefore, the diffusion of corrosion products of iron in buffer material is important to discuss the corrosion rate of overpack, properties of buffer material and migration of redox-sensitive radionuclides. Electromigration experiments have been carried out with source of iron ions supplied by anode corrosion of iron coupon. Iron ions migrated as fast as 2mm in 2 or 3 hours under electrical field of 100V/m to the direction of cathode. Because the iron ions displaced exchangeable sodium ions in bentonite at a ratio of 1 to 2 during the electromigration, migrating iron ion could be ferrous ion.
|ジャーナル||Materials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 12 8 2003|
|イベント||MATERIALS RESEARCH SOCIETY SYMPOSIUM PROCEEDING: Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVI - Boston, MA, 米国|
継続期間: 12 2 2002 → 12 5 2002
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