The purpose of this study was to examine the minimum 10-year clinical outcomes, including patient-reported and functional outcomes, of periacetabular osteotomy in patients with advanced osteoarthritis. A total of 46 hips in 44 patients with advanced osteoarthritis who underwent periacetabular osteotomy between 1992 and 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. Mean age at surgery was 47.5 years, and mean follow-up was 16.9±4.7 years. Survivorship was determined using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the associated risk factors for the endpoint-conversion to total hip arthroplasty less than 15 years after surgery-were evaluated. The Oxford Hip Score and the University of California, Los Angeles activity score were evaluated at final follow-up. The survival rates at 15 and 20 years after surgery were 80% and 59%, respectively. Multivariate analysis indicated that body mass index greater than 24 kg/m2 (P=.034; odds ratio, 1.72) was significantly associated with the endpoint as an independent risk factor. For 32 hips of 31 patients with preserved native joints at final follow-up, the Oxford Hip Score and the University of California, Los Angeles score averaged 41±5 and 5.2±1.8, respectively, equivalent (P=.28 and P=.215, respectively) to the scores of 14 hips of 13 patients with conversion to total hip arthroplasty (38±8.7 and 5.8±1.4, respectively). The results of this mid-term study may be useful for surgical decision-making among patients with advanced osteoarthritis who want to preserve native hip joints.
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