Modified autonomic regulation in mice with a P/Q-type calcium channel mutation

Takayoshi Ohba, Eiki Takahashi, Manabu Murakami

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Recent genetic analyses revealed an important association between P/Q-type channels and hereditary neurological disorders. The α1 subunit of P/Q-type channels is coded by a single CaV2.1 gene. Since calcium entry via neuronal calcium channels is essential for neurotransmission, P/Q-type channels may play an important role in cardiac autonomic neurotransmission. To elucidate the physiological importance of P/Q-type channels in autonomic nerve control, we used rolling Nagoya (tgrol) mice, which have a mutation in the CaV2.1 gene and decreased P/Q-type channel currents with reduced voltage sensitivity. The tgrol mice demonstrated unmodified expression of other calcium channel subunits. Electrocardiogram and echocardiographic analyses revealed decreased heart rate. Furthermore, ω-agatoxin IVA, a P/Q-type channel inhibitor, decreased heart rate and ejection fraction only in wild-type mice, thus suggesting a significant involvement of P/Q-type channels in chronotropic regulation. Atrium contraction analyses revealed a minor but significant role for P/Q-type channels in sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve regulation.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)27-32
ページ数6
ジャーナルBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
381
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 3 27 2009
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物理学
  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

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