Modulation of Nqo1 activity intercepts anoikis resistance and reduces metastatic potential of hepatocellular carcinoma

Masahiro Shimokawa, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Shinji Itoh, Norifumi Iseda, Kazuhito Sakata, Kyohei Yugawa, Takeo Toshima, Noboru Harada, Toru Ikegami, Masaki Mori

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)


The processing of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (Nrf2) and NADPH quinone oxidoreductase 1 (Nqo1) is important for tumor metastasis. However, the clinical and biological significance of Nrf2/Nqo1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. We aimed to clarify the clinical importance of Nrf2/Nqo1 expression in HCC and evaluate the association of Nrf2/Nqo1 expression with HCC metastasis. We also evaluated the impact of Nqo1 modulation on HCC metastatic potential. We used spheroids derived from HCC cell lines. In anchorage-independent culture, HCC cells showed increased ROS, leading to the upregulation of Nrf2/Nqo1. Futile stimulation of Nqo1 by β-lapachone induces excessive oxidative stress and dramatically increased anoikis sensitivity, finally diminishing the spheroid formation ability, which was far stronger than depletion of Nqo1. We analyzed 117 cases of primary HCC who underwent curative resection. Overexpression of Nrf2/Nqo1 in primary HCC was associated with tumor size, high α-fetoprotein, and des-γ-carboxy-prothrombin levels. Overexpression of Nrf2/Nqo1 was also associated with multiple intrahepatic recurrences (P =.0073) and was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis (P =.0031). NADPH quinone oxidoreductase 1 plays an important role in anchorage-independent survival, which is essential for survival for circulation and distant metastasis of HCC cells. These results suggest that targeting Nqo1 activity could be a potential strategy for HCC adjuvant therapy.

ジャーナルCancer Science
出版ステータス出版済み - 4 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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