Molecular characterization of cytolethal distending toxin gene-positive Escherichia coli from healthy cattle and swine in Nara, Japan

Atsushi Hinenoya, Kensuke Shima, Masahiro Asakura, Kazuhiko Nishimura, Teizo Tsukamoto, Tadasuke Ooka, Tetsuya Hayashi, Thandavarayan Ramamurthy, Shah M. Faruque, Shinji Yamasaki

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

33 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Cytolethal distending toxin (CDT)-producing Escherichia coli (CTEC) has been isolated from patients with gastrointestinal or urinary tract infection, and sepsis. However, the source of human infection remains unknown. In this study, we attempted to detect and isolate CTEC strains from fecal specimens of healthy farm animals and characterized them phenotypically and genotypically. Results: By PCR analysis, the cdtB gene was detected in 90 and 14 out of 102 and 45 stool specimens of healthy cattle and swine, respectively, and none from 45 chicken samples. Subtypes of the cdtB genes (I to V) were further examined by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the amplicons and by type-specific PCRs for the cdt-III and cdt-V genes. Of the 90 cdtB gene-positive cattle samples, 2 cdt-I, 25 cdt-III, 1 cdt-IV, 52 cdt-V and 1 both cdt-III and cdt-V gene-positive strains were isolated while 1 cdt-II and 6 cdt-V gene-positive were isolated from 14 cdtB positive swine samples. Serotypes of some isolates were identical to those of human isolates. Interestingly, a cdt-II gene-positive strain isolated from swine was for the first time identified as Escherichia albertii. Phylogenetic analysis grouped 87 E. coli strains into 77 phylogroup B1, 6 B2, and 4 D, respectively. Most of the B1 strains harbored both lpfA O113 and ehaA. Three and twenty-two cdt-V gene-positive strains harbored eaeA and stx genes, respectively, and seven possessed cdt-V, stx and subAB genes. The cnf2 gene, normally present in cdt-III gene-positive strains, was also detected in cdt-V gene-positive strains. Conclusions: Our results suggest that healthy cattle and swine could be the reservoir of CTEC, and they could be a potential source of human infections.

本文言語英語
論文番号97
ジャーナルBMC Microbiology
14
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 4月 18 2014
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 微生物学
  • 微生物学(医療)

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