Aims: Although doxazosin, but not nifedipine, can partially prevent a decrease in urogenital expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), the mechanisms involved in the regulated expression of NOS are not known. Therefore, we identified differential gene expression profiles in SHRs to elucidate the molecular mechanisms regulating urogenital expression of NOS. Main methods: SHRs and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats received doxazosin (30 mg/kg/day) or nifedipine (30 mg/kg/day) orally for 4 weeks. Microarray expression data of key transcripts were verified by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. Key findings: RT-PCR data, in accord with the microarray analysis, indicated that untreated SHRs had lower mRNA expression levels of cAMP responsive element binding protein 1 (Creb1) in the pelvic ganglion and vascular endothelial growth factor A (Vegfa) and kinase insert domain protein receptor (Kdr) in the penis, and higher mRNA expression levels of brain derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin 3 (Ntf3) in the bladder and Ntf3, Rho-kinases (Rock1 and Rock2) and caveolin 1 (Cav1) in the penis than untreated WKY rats. In SHRs, doxazosin and nifedipine caused a significant decrease in penile expression of Rock1 and Rock2, whereas the differential alterations in urogenital expression of Creb1, Vegfa, Kdr and Cav1 were attenuated by treatment with doxazosin, but not nifedipine. Significance: Our data suggest that differential alterations in the expression of several genes related to pathways that mediate NOS expression in the urogenital tissues of SHRs, which can be attenuated by doxazosin treatment, may play an important role in regulating urogenital expression of NOS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)