A family of phospholipase C-related, catalytically inactive proteins (designated PRIP) have been identified as a group of novel inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate binding proteins with a domain organization similar to phospholipase C-δ but lacking the enzymatic activity. The PRIP family consists of at least two types of proteins (PRIP-1 and PRIP-2 subfamilies). In the present study, we examined the tissue distribution of PRIP-2, its expression in rat brain at the mRNA level, and the characteristics of its binding to inositol compounds, protein phosphatase 1, and γ-amino butyric acid receptor associated protein. We also compared these characteristics with those of PRIP-1. Northern blot analysis and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction showed that PRIP-1 was present mainly in the brain, whereas PRIP-2 was expressed ubiquitously. In situ hybridization studies using rat brain revealed that the mRNA for both PRIP-1 and PRIP-2 was similarly expressed; it was detected in the granular cell and Purkinje cell layers in the cerebellum, and in the hippocampal pyramidal cells, dentate granule cells, and pyramidal and/or granule cells of the cerebral cortex in the cerebrum. PRIP-2 bound inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and its parent lipid, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, with a similar affinity, while PRIP-1 preferentially bound the former ligand by about 10-fold. PRIP-1 and PRIP-2 interacted with protein phosphatase 1 and γ-amino butyric acid receptor associated protein in a similar manner. These results indicate that, similar to PRIP-1, PRIP-2 may be involved in both inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-mediated and γ-amino butyric acid-related signaling.
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