Mortality modeling of adult Tribolium confusum (Jacquelin du Val) exposed to different concentrations of carbon dioxide in a mixture with nitrogen

Tanaka Fumihiko, Rieko Cho, Sokichi Hata, Fumina Tanaka, Shingo Miyamoto, Toshitaka Uchino

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

2 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

The effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas in combinations with nitrogen (N2) gas and temperature on the mortality of adult Tribolium confusum (Jacquelin du Val) were investigated at temperature levels of 20 °C, 25 °C, and 30 °C and CO2 gas concentration levels of 0%, 40%, 50%, 60%, and 80% (v/v). Soon after exposing the insects to the undesirable atmospheric conditions, the insects sank into a state of coma and died if they were not returned to a normal atmosphere within an appropriate time estimated from the Weibull model. The ratio of motionlessness and mortality of insects depended strongly on the exposure time and temperature; however, there was also a slight dependence on the gas concentration. Mortality increased with exposure time and temperature. Six models were fitted to the insect mortality data, and a Weibull model gave the best fitting results, with a mean root mean square error of 0.1240. By using the Weibull model, the times required for 50% and 90% mortality of the insects were also estimated. The percent mortality increased rapidly with increasing temperature with 60% CO2. The required time for 90% mortality at 20 °C was three times longer than that at 30 °C. In order to relate the percent mortality and temperature or CO2 gas concentration a corrected time function model was employed. As a result of this fitting, death can be seen as a chemical process with the rate at which mortality occurs in a population being analogous to the rate of a chemical reaction. By comparing the mortality under non-zero oxygen concentrations with that under zero oxygen concentrations, the insects were killed easily under zero conditions.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)113-118
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of Stored Products Research
69
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 10 1 2016

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Tribolium
Tribolium confusum
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen
carbon dioxide
Mortality
nitrogen
Insects
Gases
insects
Temperature
gases
temperature
exposure duration
Chemical Phenomena
Oxygen
oxygen
coma
chemical reactions
Coma

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science
  • Horticulture

これを引用

Mortality modeling of adult Tribolium confusum (Jacquelin du Val) exposed to different concentrations of carbon dioxide in a mixture with nitrogen. / Fumihiko, Tanaka; Cho, Rieko; Hata, Sokichi; Tanaka, Fumina; Miyamoto, Shingo; Uchino, Toshitaka.

:: Journal of Stored Products Research, 巻 69, 01.10.2016, p. 113-118.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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abstract = "The effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas in combinations with nitrogen (N2) gas and temperature on the mortality of adult Tribolium confusum (Jacquelin du Val) were investigated at temperature levels of 20 °C, 25 °C, and 30 °C and CO2 gas concentration levels of 0{\%}, 40{\%}, 50{\%}, 60{\%}, and 80{\%} (v/v). Soon after exposing the insects to the undesirable atmospheric conditions, the insects sank into a state of coma and died if they were not returned to a normal atmosphere within an appropriate time estimated from the Weibull model. The ratio of motionlessness and mortality of insects depended strongly on the exposure time and temperature; however, there was also a slight dependence on the gas concentration. Mortality increased with exposure time and temperature. Six models were fitted to the insect mortality data, and a Weibull model gave the best fitting results, with a mean root mean square error of 0.1240. By using the Weibull model, the times required for 50{\%} and 90{\%} mortality of the insects were also estimated. The percent mortality increased rapidly with increasing temperature with 60{\%} CO2. The required time for 90{\%} mortality at 20 °C was three times longer than that at 30 °C. In order to relate the percent mortality and temperature or CO2 gas concentration a corrected time function model was employed. As a result of this fitting, death can be seen as a chemical process with the rate at which mortality occurs in a population being analogous to the rate of a chemical reaction. By comparing the mortality under non-zero oxygen concentrations with that under zero oxygen concentrations, the insects were killed easily under zero conditions.",
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