Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive occlusion of the internal carotid arteries. Genetic studies originally identified RNF213 as an MMD susceptibility gene that encodes a large 591 kDa protein with a functional RING domain and dual AAA+ ATPase domains. As the functions of RNF213 and its relationship to MMD onset are unknown, we set out to characterize the ubiquitin ligase activity of RNF213, and the effects of MMD patient mutations on these activities and on other cellular processes. In vitro ubiquitination assays, using the RNF213 RING domain, identified Ubc13/Uev1A as a key ubiquitin conjugating enzyme that together generate K63-linked polyubiquitin chains. However, nearly all MMD patient mutations in the RING domain greatly reduced this activity. When full-length proteins were overexpressed in HEK293T cells, patient mutations that abolished the ubiquitin ligase activities conversely enhanced nuclear factor κB (NFκB) activation and induced apoptosis accompanied with Caspase-3 activation. These induced activities were dependent on the RNF213 AAA+ domain. Our results suggest that the NFκB- and apoptosis-inducing functions of RNF213 may be negatively regulated by its ubiquitin ligase activity and that disruption of this regulation could contribute towards MMD onset.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 5月 7 2020|
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