This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients with mucoepidermoid carcinomas in the head and neck treated with carbon-ion radiotherapy. Data from 26 patients who underwent carbon-ion radiotherapy in four facilities were analyzed in this multi-institutional retrospective study: the Japan Carbon-ion Radiation Oncology Study Group. The median follow-up time was 34 months. One patient experienced local recurrence, and the 3-year local control rate was 95%. One patient developed lymph node recurrence and five developed distant metastases. The 3-year progression-free survival rate was 73%. Five patients died, two of mucoepidermoid carcinoma and three of intercurrent disease. The 3-year overall survival rate was 89%. Acute mucositis and dermatitis of grade 3 or higher were experienced by 19% and 8% of patients, respectively; these improved with conservative therapy. Late mucositis and osteonecrosis of jaw were observed in 12% and 23% of patients, respectively. The 3-year cumulative rate of any late adverse event of grade 3 or higher was 14%. None of the patients died of the acute or late adverse events. Carbon-ion radiotherapy was efficacious and safe for treating mucoepidermoid carcinoma in this multi-institutional retrospective study (registration no. UMIN000024473). We are currently undertaking a prospective multicenter study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research