Multiple signal transduction pathways through two prostaglandin E receptor EP3 subtype isoforms expressed in human uterus

M. Kotani, I. Tanaka, Y. Ogawa, T. Suganami, T. Matsumoto, S. Muro, Y. Yamamoto, A. Sugawara, Y. Yoshimasa, N. Sagawa, S. Narumiya, K. Nakao

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

33 被引用数 (Scopus)


PGE2 is known to induce uterine contraction by increasing intra-cellular Ca2+. In the present study, to investigate other functions of PGE2 in human uterus, two EP3 isoforms were isolated by the RT-PCR method using human uterus polyadenylated ribonucleic acid (RNA). These EP3 isoforms, named EP3-V and EP3-VI, are composed of 402 and 393 amino acid residues, respectively, which are unique compared with EP3 isoforms of other species. Their N-terminal 359 amino acid residues are identical to those of previously reported human EP3 isoforms, whereas the two isoforms contained a novel amino acid sequence in their C-terminal tails. The dissociation constant values of EP3-V and EP3-VI for PGE2 were 3.9 and 1.4 nmol/L, respectively, which were consistent with those of previously reported EPa isoforms. Signaling experiments revealed that M&B28767, an EP3 agonist, not only inhibited forskolin-induced cAMP concentrations, but also activated mitogen-activated protein kinase in Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing EP3-V and EP3-VI. These responses were abolished by treatment with pertussis toxin. In addition, M&B28767 increased cAMP concentrations in EP3-VI-expressing cells, whereas it did not in EP3-V-expressing cells. M&B28767 did not stimulate phosphoinositide turnover in EP3-V- or EP3-VI-expressing cells. EP3-V and EP3-VI messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were detected abundantly in human uterus, whereas weak, but substantial, bands were detected in the lung and kidney in RT-PCR specific for each mRNA. In situ hybridization revealed EP3-V and EP3-VI mRNAs in the human myometrium, but not in the endometrium. The present study suggests that EP3-V and EP3-VI are possibly involved in the proliferation of cells in human myometrium.

ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
出版ステータス出版済み - 2000

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 生化学
  • 内分泌学
  • 臨床生化学
  • 生化学、医学


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