Unlike their counterparts in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the glycoproteins of Schizosaccharomyces pombe contain, in addition to α-d-mannose (Man), a large number of α-d-galactose (Gal) residues. In both yeasts, large outer chains are attached to the oligosaccharide cores of glycoproteins during export via Golgi. Formation of the yeast-specific large outer chain is initiated by α-1,6-mannosylatransferase encoded by the och1 + gene, the disruption of which blocked outer chain elongation. We previously reported that N-linked oligosaccharide structures of S. pombe och1Δ mutant consisted of Gal2-6Man9GlcNAc 2 with α-linked Gal residues attached to the core oligosaccharide moiety. The disruption of gms1 +, a gene encoding the UDP-galactose transporter required for the synthesis of galactomannan, abolished cell surface galactosylation in S. pombe. In this study, we constructed a gms1Δoch1Δ double mutant and determined the N- and O-linked oligosaccharide structures present on the cell surface. Oligosaccharides were liberated from glycoproteins by hydrazinolysis and labeled with the fluorophore, 2-aminopyridine. The pyridylaminated N-linked oligosaccharides were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography in combination with α1,2-mannosidase digestion and partial acetolysis. These analyses revealed that the N-linked oligosaccharides of gms1Δoch1Δ cells consisted of α1,2-linked Man-extended core oligosaccharides (Man8-12GlcNAc2) from which the fission yeast-specific α-linked Gal residues were completely absent.
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