Nanoscale organic electroluminescence was induced by positioning a sharp tungsten tip on the surface of a free-base porphyrin (H2TBPP) monolayer on the top of PtTBP porphyrin (PtTBPP) multilayers on a Cu(100) substrate in an ultrahigh vacuum scanning tunneling microscope (STM) system. The well-defined molecular fluorescence spectra are perfectly matched with the conventional photoluminescence spectrum from bulk H2TBPP molecules. The nanoscale PtTBPP multilayers do not fluoresce; rather, they act as spacers to enhance the decoupling of the electronic state of the H2TBPP monolayer from the Cu surface. The electronic property of molecules and the energy-level alignment of molecules with respect to the Fermi levels of electrodes are probably quite critical for observing STM-induced molecular fluorescence from molecular layers with a similar thickness. The molecule in proximity to the tip apex of a scanning tunneling microscope is locally excited by the hot electron injection mechanism, followed by radiative decay via Franck-Condon transitions.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 12月 2004|
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