Background: A growing body of evidence has shown that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Non-invasive fibrosis assessments of NAFLD such as Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) have been developed to substitute liver biopsy. Little is known about the association between FIB-4 index or NFS and the components of CKD. Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, we assessed of 3640 Japanese CKD patients. We examined the association between FIB-4index or NFS and the odds of having low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) defined as eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or albuminuria defined as urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥ 30 mg/g. Patients were divided into quartiles according to their baseline FIB-4 index and NFS levels. Linear and logistic regression analysis were conducted, with adjustment for potential confounding factors. Results: FIB-4 index and NFS were negatively associated with eGFR, but not UACR, after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Both FIB-4 index and NFS were significantly associated with low eGFR after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Meanwhile, in the multivariable-adjusted model, no associations were found between FIB-4 index or NFS and albuminuria. The addition of FIB-4 index or NFS to the established clinical CKD risk factors improved diagnostic accuracy of prevalence of low eGFR. We also found that there was a significant trend of higher FIB-4 index and NFS with more advanced renal fibrosis using the kidney biopsy data. Conclusions: Higher non-invasive fibrosis assessments of NAFLD were associated with higher odds of decreased eGFR.
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