Noncanonical NOTCH signaling limits self-renewal of human epithelial and induced pluripotent stem cells through ROCK activation

Takashi Yugawa, Koichiro Nishino, Shin Ichi Ohno, Tomomi Nakahara, Masatoshi Fujita, Naoki Goshima, Akihiro Umezawa, Tohru Kiyono

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

29 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

NOTCH plays essential roles in cell fate specification during embryonic development and in adult tissue maintenance. In keratinocytes, it is a key inducer of differentiation. ROCK, an effector of the small GTPase Rho, is also implicated in keratinocyte differentiation, and its inhibition efficiently potentiates immortalization of human keratinocytes and greatly improves survival of dissociated human pluripotent stem cells. However, the molecular basis for ROCK activation is not fully established in these contexts. Here we provide evidence that intracellular forms of NOTCH1 trigger the immediate activation of ROCK1 independent of its transcriptional activity, promoting differentiation and resulting in decreased clonogenicity of normal human keratinocytes. Knockdown of NOTCH1 abrogated ROCK1 activation and conferred sustained clonogenicity upon differentiation stimuli. Treatment with a ROCK inhibitor, Y-27632, or ROCK1 silencing substantially rescued the growth defect induced by activated NOTCH1. Furthermore, we revealed that impaired self-renewal of human induced pluripotent stem cells upon dissociation is, at least in part, attributable to NOTCH-dependent ROCK activation. Thus, the present study unveils a novel NOTCHROCK pathway critical for cellular differentiation and loss of self-renewal capacity in a subset of immature cells.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)4434-4447
ページ数14
ジャーナルMolecular and cellular biology
33
発行部数22
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 11 15 2013

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Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Keratinocytes
Pluripotent Stem Cells
Critical Pathways
Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins
Embryonic Development
Maintenance
Survival
Growth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

これを引用

Noncanonical NOTCH signaling limits self-renewal of human epithelial and induced pluripotent stem cells through ROCK activation. / Yugawa, Takashi; Nishino, Koichiro; Ohno, Shin Ichi; Nakahara, Tomomi; Fujita, Masatoshi; Goshima, Naoki; Umezawa, Akihiro; Kiyono, Tohru.

:: Molecular and cellular biology, 巻 33, 番号 22, 15.11.2013, p. 4434-4447.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Yugawa, Takashi ; Nishino, Koichiro ; Ohno, Shin Ichi ; Nakahara, Tomomi ; Fujita, Masatoshi ; Goshima, Naoki ; Umezawa, Akihiro ; Kiyono, Tohru. / Noncanonical NOTCH signaling limits self-renewal of human epithelial and induced pluripotent stem cells through ROCK activation. :: Molecular and cellular biology. 2013 ; 巻 33, 番号 22. pp. 4434-4447.
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abstract = "NOTCH plays essential roles in cell fate specification during embryonic development and in adult tissue maintenance. In keratinocytes, it is a key inducer of differentiation. ROCK, an effector of the small GTPase Rho, is also implicated in keratinocyte differentiation, and its inhibition efficiently potentiates immortalization of human keratinocytes and greatly improves survival of dissociated human pluripotent stem cells. However, the molecular basis for ROCK activation is not fully established in these contexts. Here we provide evidence that intracellular forms of NOTCH1 trigger the immediate activation of ROCK1 independent of its transcriptional activity, promoting differentiation and resulting in decreased clonogenicity of normal human keratinocytes. Knockdown of NOTCH1 abrogated ROCK1 activation and conferred sustained clonogenicity upon differentiation stimuli. Treatment with a ROCK inhibitor, Y-27632, or ROCK1 silencing substantially rescued the growth defect induced by activated NOTCH1. Furthermore, we revealed that impaired self-renewal of human induced pluripotent stem cells upon dissociation is, at least in part, attributable to NOTCH-dependent ROCK activation. Thus, the present study unveils a novel NOTCHROCK pathway critical for cellular differentiation and loss of self-renewal capacity in a subset of immature cells.",
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AU - Fujita, Masatoshi

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