6-Methoxy-4-quinolone (6-MOQ, 1), an oxidation product derived from 5-methoxyindole-3-acetic acid, is a novel fluorophore, which has several useful characteristics for biomedical analysis. Compound 1 has strong fluorescence with a large Stokes' shift in aqueous media, and the maximum fluorescence excitation and emission wavelengths are 243 nm and 374 nm, respectively. The molar absorptivity at the maximum excitation wavelength and fluorescence quantum yield in aqueous 10% (v/v) methanol are 32 600 L mol -1 cm -1 and 0.38, respectively. The fluorescence intensity of 1 is scarcely affected by changing the medium pH, showing strong fluorescence from pH 2.0 to 11.0. In addition, 1 is highly stable against light and heat, and no degradation was observed at 60°C for 3 days with exposure to daylight. As a fluorescent labeling reagent, [(6-methoxy-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinolin-3-yl)methyl]amine (6-MOQ-NH 2, 2) was synthesized, and determination of carboxylic acids was demonstrated; 50 pmol of standard propionic acid and isobutyric acid were derivatized, and the obtained S/N ratios for 10 fmol (injection amount) of these two acids were 206 and 164, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry