Numerical Study of Motion of Falling Conical Graupel

Chih Che Chueh, Pao K. Wang, Tempei Hashino

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In the present study, the attitudes of freely-falling conical graupel with a realistic range of densities are investigated numerically by solving the transient Navier-Stokes equations and the body dynamics equations representing the 6-degrees-of-freedom motion. This framework allows us to determine the position and orientation of the graupel in response to the hydrodynamic force of the flow fields. The results show more significant horizontal movements than those cases with a fixed bulk density of ice assumed in our previous study. This is because the real graupel particles possess the density less than the bulk density of ice, which, in turn, leads to a relatively small mass and a relatively small set of moments of inertia. We demonstrate that, with the six degrees of freedom considered together, when Reynolds number is small, a typical damped oscillation occurs, whereas when Reynolds number is high, amplifying oscillation may occur which leads to more complicated and unpredictable flying attitudes such as tumbling. The drag coefficients obtained in the present study agree with the previous studies and can be approximated by that of spheres of the same Reynolds numbers. We also show that conical graupel can perform significant horizontal translations which can be on the order of 1 km in 1 h.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)82-92
ページ数11
ジャーナルAtmospheric Research
199
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 大気科学

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