Older Worker in National Contexts: A Japan-US Comparison

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

9 被引用数 (Scopus)


National contexts are crucial determinants of older worker labor force participation. This paper clarifies the main differences between the national contexts surrounding older workers in Japan and the United States. These two countries commonly represent large-scale, industrialized, and mature economies with increasing demographic pressures to prolong the working lives of older adults. Despite the similarities, differences are found between these two national contexts in at least four major areas: (1) the level of demographic pressure to increase older worker labor supply; (2) national labor market institutions affecting employment security in later life; (3) the role of government in promoting older persons' labor force participation; and (4) the labor force compositions (specifically, the fraction of older workers who are self-employed). Labor force participation rates among older workers are substantially higher for Japan than for the United States. Differences in each of the four areas discussed in this paper help to explain why workers in Japan remain in the labor force longer than do those in the United States.

ジャーナルJournal of Population Ageing
出版ステータス出版済み - 12月 2013

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地理、計画および開発
  • 社会学および政治科学
  • 人口統計学


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