Oncostatin M (OSM) is a cytokine of the interleukin (IL)-6 family members. It induces blood–brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction by activating Janus-activated kinase (JAK) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 pathways in brain endothelial cells. Brain pericytes located around microvessels are one of the BBB constituents. Pericytes work as a boundary surface between the blood circulation and brain parenchyma, and their functions are altered under pathophysiological conditions, leading to BBB dysregulation. However, it remains unknown whether pericytes are associated with OSM-induced BBB dysfunction. We demonstrated that pericyte exposure to OSM (100 ng/mL) elevated phosphorylation of STAT3, a main OSM signaling pathway, and that pericytes expressed OSM receptors (OSMRs) including OSMRβ and glycoprotein 130. These results suggest that pericytes are able to respond to OSM. To determine the effects of OSM-reactive pericytes on BBB functions, rat brain endothelial cell (RBEC) monolayers were cultured with OSM-treated pericytes. The presence of pericytes exposed to 100 ng/mL of OSM for 48 h aggravated both the elevated permeability to sodium fluorescein and the lowered transendothelial electrical resistance which were induced by OSM in RBECs. This OSM-reactive pericyte-induced aggravation of lowered RBEC barrier function was reversed by ruxolitinib, a JAK inhibitor. These findings suggest that activated JAK/STAT3 signaling in pericytes contributes to OSM-produced BBB breakdown. Thus, OSM-reactive pericytes may have to be considered a characteristic machinery in the formation and progression of BBB breakdown under pathological conditions associated with increased OSM levels.
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 12月 1 2019|
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