Optimization of 4D-MR angiography based on superselective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling combined with CENTRA-keyhole and view-sharing (4D-S-PACK) for vessel-selective visualization of the internal carotid artery and vertebrobasilar artery systems

Hiroo Murazaki, Tatsuhiro Wada, Osamu Togao, Makoto Obara, Michael Helle, Yasuo Yamashita, Kouji Kobayashi, Akihiro Nishie, Kousei Ishigami, Toyoyuki Kato

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Purpose: This study investigated the optimal labeling position and gradient moment for 4D-MR angiography based on superselective pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling combined with CENTRA-keyhole and view-sharing (4D-S-PACK) for vessel-selective flow visualization of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebrobasilar artery (VBA) systems. Methods: Seven healthy volunteers were scanned with a 3.0 T MR scanner. To visualize the ICA system, the labeling focus was placed in the right ICA at 55, 75 and 95 mm below the imaging slab. To visualize the VBA system, the labeling focus was placed in the basilar artery (BA), upper vertebral artery (VA upper), and lower vertebral artery (VA lower). Two sizes of labeling focus were created using gradient moments of 0.5 and 0.75 mT/m ms. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was measured in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) branches. Results: CNRs increased as the distance between the center of the imaging slab and the labeling position decreased in all MCA segments. CNRs obtained with VA lower tended to be higher than those obtained with BA and VA upper in all PCA segments. Selective vessel visualization was achieved with the gradient moment of 0.75 mT/m ms for the ICA and VBA system. Conclusion: The optimal 4D-S-PACK gradient moment was found to be 0.75 mT/m ms for the ICA and VBA systems. When visualizing the ICA system, the labeling position should be placed as close as possible to the imaging slab. When visualizing the VBA system, the labeling position should be placed at VA lower.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)287-296
ページ数10
ジャーナルMagnetic Resonance Imaging
85
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物理学
  • 生体医工学
  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング

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