We consider the extent to which future imaging surveys of galaxies can distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity models for the origin of the cosmic acceleration. Dynamical dark energy models may have similar expansion rates as models of modified gravity, yet predict different growth of structure histories. We parametrize the cosmic expansion by the two parameters, w0 and wa, and the linear growth rate of density fluctuations by Linder's γ, independently. Dark energy models generically predict γ≈0.55, while the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) model γ≈0.68. To determine if future imaging surveys can constrain γ within 20% (or Δγ<0.1), we perform the Fisher matrix analysis for a weak-lensing survey such as the ongoing Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) project. Under the condition that the total observation time is fixed, we compute the figure of merit (FoM) as a function of the exposure time texp. We find that the tomography technique effectively improves the FoM, which has a broad peak around texp several∼10min; a shallow and wide survey is preferred to constrain the γ parameter. While Δγ<0.1 cannot be achieved by the HSC weak-lensing survey alone, one can improve the constraints by combining with a follow-up spectroscopic survey like Wide-field Fiber-fed Multi-Object Spectrograph (WFMOS) and/or future cosmic microwave background (CMB) observations.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 7 9 2007|
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