Orientation of liquid crystalline blue phases on unidirectionally orienting surfaces

Misaki Takahashi, Takuma Ohkawa, Hiroyuki Yoshida, Jun Ichi Fukuda, Hirostugu Kikuchi, Masanori Ozaki

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

13 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Liquid crystalline cholesteric blue phases (BPs) continue to attract interest due to their fast response times and quasi-polarization-independent phase modulation capabilities. Various approaches have recently been proposed to control the crystal orientation of BPs on substrates; however, their basic orientation properties on standard, unidirectionally orienting alignment layers have not been investigated in detail. Through analysis of the azimuthal orientation of Kossel diagrams, we study the 3D crystal orientation of a BP material - with a phase sequence of cholesteric, BP I, and BP II - on unidirectionally orienting surfaces prepared using two methods: rubbing and photoalignment. BP II grown from the isotropic phase is sensitive to surface conditions, with different crystal planes orienting on the two substrates. On the other hand, strong thermal hysteresis is observed in BPs grown through a different liquid crystal phase, implying that the preceding structure determines the orientation. More specifically, the BP II-I transition is accompanied by a rotation of the crystal such that the crystal direction defined by certain low-value Miller indices transform into different directions, and within the allowed rotations, different azimuthal configurations are obtained in the same cell depending on the thermal process. Our findings demonstrate that, for the alignment control of BPs, the thermal process is as important as the properties of the alignment layer.

本文言語英語
論文番号104003
ジャーナルJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
51
10
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2 19 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 凝縮系物理学
  • 音響学および超音波学
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜

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