The Maisotsenko Cycle (M-Cycle) is a thermodynamic conception which captures energy from the air by utilizing the psychrometric renewable energy available from the latent heat of water evaporating into the air. The cycle is well-known in the air-conditioning (AC) field due to its potential of dew-point evaporative cooling. However, its applicability has been recently expanded in several energy recovery applications. Therefore, the present study provides the overview of M-Cycle and its application in various heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems; cooling systems; and gas turbine power cycles. Principle and features of the M-Cycle are discussed in comparison with conventional evaporative cooling, and consequently the thermodynamic limitation of the cycle is highlighted. It is reported that the standalone M-Cycle AC (MAC) system can achieve the AC load efficiently when the ambient air humidity is not so high regardless of ambient air temperature. Various modifications in MAC system design have been reviewed in order to investigate the M-Cycle applicability in humid regions. It is found that the hybrid, ejector, and desiccant based MAC systems enable a huge energy saving potential to achieve the sensible and latent load of AC in humid regions. Similarly, the overall system performance is significantly improved when the M-Cycle is utilized in cooling towers and evaporative condensers. Furthermore, the M-Cycle conception in gas turbine cycles has been realized recently in which the M-Cycle recuperator provides not only hot and humidified air for combustion but also recovers the heat from the turbine exhaust gases. The M-Cycle nature helps to provide the cooled air for turbine inlet air cooling and to control the pollution by reducing NOx formation during combustion. The study reviews three distinguished Maisotsenko gas turbine power cycles and their comparison with the conventional cycles, which shows the M-Cycle significance in power industry.
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