Peptidyl linkers for protein heterodimerization catalyzed by microbial transglutaminase

Tsutomu Tanaka, Noriho Kamiya, Teruyuki Nagamune

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

49 被引用数 (Scopus)


Specific peptidyl linkers that result in the heterodimerization of functional proteins, which is catalyzed by microbial transglutaminase from Streptomyces mobaraensis (MTG), were generated based on a ribonuclease S-peptide using site-directed mutagenesis. The peptidyl linkers designated as Lys-tag and Gln-tag were designed to possess sole reactive Lys or Gln residue that was amenable for selective Lys-Gln cross-linkage of different proteins. Green fluorescent protein variants, ECFP and EYFP, were employed as model proteins, and those Lys- and Gln-tags were fused to the N-termini of ECFP and EYFP, respectively. As a result, we succeeded in solely obtaining the ECFP-EYFP heterodimer without forming multiply cross-linked byproducts. It was found that the reactivity of peptidyl linkers varied according to the type of amino acid to be replaced. Peptidyl linkers with a basic amino acid (Arg) exhibited the highest reactivity in the cross-linking reaction, suggesting the cationic residue substrate preference of MTG. Kinetic analysis utilizing fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET), that is only observed upon the heterodimeric ECFP-EYFP conjugation, revealed that the amino acid replacement contributed to the acceleration of cross-linking reactions by increasing catalytic turnover (kcat), rather than substrate binding affinity (Km). Finally, using a ribonuclease S-protein, the manipulation of enzymatic protein cross-linking based on specific S-peptide:S-protein interactions was explored. Since newly designed Lys- and Gln-tags retained binding affinities to the S-protein, the heterodimerization was perfectly restrained by wrapping them with the S-protein. The results suggest the possibility of limited protein conjugation by tuning steric hindrance against the MTG. Tailoring enzymatic posttranslational modifications with either engineering peptidyl substrates or by taking specific peptide-protein interactions into consideration may facilitate the development of a new sequential protein conjugation method for the preparation of multifunctional protein.

ジャーナルBioconjugate Chemistry
出版ステータス出版済み - 5 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • バイオテクノロジー
  • バイオエンジニアリング
  • 生体医工学
  • 薬理学
  • 薬科学
  • 有機化学


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