Background: Wisteria floribunda agglutinin positive human Mac-2 binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) has recently developed as a noninvasive serum marker of liver fibrosis. Liver transplant candidates usually have high serum levels of M2BPGi due to advanced cirrhosis. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the kinetics of serum M2BPGi after liver transplantation and the relationships between the level of M2BPGi and graft function. Methods: Fifteen recipients who underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) between June 2015 and January 2016 and whose pretransplant, postoperative day (POD) 1, POD 3, and POD 7 sera were available for measuring M2BPGi were enrolled in this study. Small-for-size syndrome (SFSS) was defined as the presence of cholestasis (total bilirubin >10 mg/dL) on POD 7 and intractable ascites (>1 L/day on POD 14 or >500 ml/day on POD 28) without other specific causes. Results: The median of pretransplant M2BPGi was 9.75 cutoff index (C.O.I.) (range, 3.04-24.49). There was neither any correlation between pretransplant M2BPGi and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease scores (r=0.416, P=0.123) nor Child-Turcotte-Pugh scores (r=-0.221, P=0.428). The levels of M2BPGi dramatically decreased after LDLT (median; 1.48 on POD 1, 1.47 on POD 3, 1.49 on POD 7). However, serum levels of M2BPGi rose again on POD 7 in some recipients and all 4 recipients with serum levels of M2BPGi exceeding 3.00 C.O.I. succumbed to SFSS later. When the cutoff of M2BPGi on POD 7 for predicting SFSS was determined to be 3.06 according to its receiver operating characteristic curve, both the sensitivity and the specificity for predicting later SFSS were 100%. Conclusions: The levels of M2BPGi dramatically decreased after LDLT. A re-rise of M2BPGi predicted later development of SFSS.
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