Hydrogen has been widely considered as a clean energy carrier that bridges the energy producers and energy consumers in an efficient and safe way for a sustainable society. Hydrogen can be stored in a gas, liquid and solid states and each method has its unique advantage. Though compressed hydrogen and liquefied hydrogen are mature technologies for industrial applications, appropriate measures are necessary to deal with the issues at high pressure up to around 100 MPa and low temperature at around 20 K. Distinct from those technologies, storing hydrogen in solid-state hydrides can realize a more compact and much safer approach that does not require high hydrogen pressure and cryogenic temperature. In this review, we will provide an overview of the major material groups that are capable of absorbing and desorbing hydrogen reversibly. The main features on hydrogen storage properties of each material group are summarized, together with the discussion of the key issues and the guidance of materials design, aiming at providing insights for new material development as well as industrial applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化学 (全般)