Petrogenetic constraints on magma fertility in the Baguio Mineral District, Philippines: Probing the mineralization potential of the igneous host rocks in the Sangilo epithermal deposit

Karl D. Jabagat, Jillian Aira Gabo-Ratio, Karlo L. Queaño, Kotaro Yonezu, Carla B. Dimalanta, Yuan Hsi Lee, Graciano P. Yumul

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

5 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In the Baguio Mineral District (BMD), porphyry Cu ± Au deposition and associated epithermal mineralization are attributed to the highly evolved magmatism during the Pliocene. It has been well-documented that the interaction between silicic crustal melts and primitive mantle melts formed water-rich, oxidized magmas that resulted to hydrothermal mineralization. However, there are very few studies on the Early to Middle Miocene calc-alkaline magmatism which is considered to be barren of mineralization. This magmatic event is represented by phases of the Central Cordillera Diorite Complex (CCDC), which also serve as host rocks to the Sangilo epithermal deposit. The Sangilo quartz-carbonate veins in the BMD are hosted by an Early Miocene hornblende diorite (22.33 ± 0.63 Ma) intruded by a Middle Miocene quartz diorite (15.91 ± 0.6 Ma) which are, in turn, penetrated by Pliocene basaltic andesite dikes. The Miocene magmatic units with hybrid crust-mantle source affinity were formed from varying degrees of interaction within the MASH (mixing, assimilation, storage, and homogenization) zone during the formation of the CCDC. The basaltic andesite dikes, part of the Pliocene Mafic Dike Complex, represent direct differentiates of basaltic melts that experienced ponding at the base of the lower crust before ascending to shallow crustal levels. Based on the assessment of the physico-chemical conditions, three distinct magmatic events were identified: a barren Early Miocene event, a fertile Middle Miocene event and a fertile Pliocene event. The Middle Miocene fertile magmatism is attributed to further development of the MASH zone under the Luzon arc from the Early to Middle Miocene. On the other hand, the enhanced fertility during the Pliocene is associated with the subduction of the Scarborough Ridge.

本文言語英語
論文番号103703
ジャーナルOre Geology Reviews
125
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 10 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地質学
  • 地球化学および岩石学
  • 経済地質学

フィンガープリント

「Petrogenetic constraints on magma fertility in the Baguio Mineral District, Philippines: Probing the mineralization potential of the igneous host rocks in the Sangilo epithermal deposit」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル