Pharmacology of second-generation antipsychotics: A validity of the serotonin-dopamine hypothesis

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿総説査読


New atypical antipsychotic drugs such as risperidone, olanzapine and quetiapine, that have been modeled on the prototype agent clozapine and developed since the 1990's, are now referred to as second-generation antipsychotics (SGA). It has been proposed by Meltzer (1989) that the interaction between serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) systems may play a critical role in the mechanism of action for atypical antipsychotics because potent 5-HT2A receptor antagonism together with relatively weak D2 receptor antagonism could differentiate most atypical antipsychotics from typical antipsychotics. This serotonin-dopamine hypothesis has become a useful model for studying and developing new drugs to achieve a significant antipsychotic effect with lower incidence of extrapyramidal side effects compared to first-generation antipsychotics. In contrast, Kapur and Seeman (2001) argued the alternative "fast-off" theory that clozapine occupies D2 receptors to a similar extent as typical antipsychotics do and then rapidly dissociates from D2 receptors. This paper reviews the current issues on the serotonin-dopamine hypothesis and recent research on the role of 5-HT receptor subtypes in the mechanism of action for SGA. In particular, SGA-induced DA release in the prefrontal cortex, possibly through the functional activation of 5-HT1A receptors by 5-HT2A and D2 receptor-mediated interaction, may be the basis for the cognitive effects of SGA.

ジャーナルJapanese Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
出版ステータス出版済み - 10月 2004

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 臨床心理学
  • 薬理学
  • 精神医学および精神衛生
  • 薬理学(医学)


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