In the presence of wave dissipation, phase-space structures spontaneously emerge in nonlinear Vlasov dynamics. These structures include not only well-known self-trapped vortices (holes) but also elongated filaments, resembling jets, as reported in this work. These jets are formed by straining due to interacting holes. Jets are highly anisotropic, and connect low and high velocity regions over a range larger than the electron thermal velocity. Jets survive long enough for particles to scatter between low and high phase-space density regions. Jets are found to contribute significantly to electron redistribution, velocity-space transport, and anomalous resistivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics