A powder mixture of Al-Ti-Mg with an equal atomic fraction was subjected to severe plastic deformation using high-pressure torsion (HPT) under 6 GPa at room temperature for full consolidation. Microstructural evolution with respect to straining and annealing was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The XRD analysis revealed that Ti prevails in the consolidated sample and a phase transformation occurs from α phase to ω phase during HPT processing while the total fraction of the ω phase increases with straining. Grain refinement to ~100 nm was achieved through the HPT processing for 100 revolutions as well as the formation of nanograined intermetallics such as Al3Ti, AlTi3 and TiAl. The hardness gradually increases with straining, and further increases by annealing at 573 K for 1.5 h due to the formation of an Al12Mg17 phase despite the fact that the harder ω phase was reversely-transformed to the softer α phase and grains were coarsened to ~450 nm. First-principles calculations show that Al and Mg elements are dissolved into the ω − Ti during HPT processing.
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