Phloretin promotes adipogenesis via mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in mouse marrow stromal ST2 cells

Ayumu Takeno, Ippei Kanazawa, Masakazu Notsu, Ken Ichiro Tanaka, Toshitsugu Sugimoto

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)


Phloretin, a glucose transporter (GLUT) inhibitor, has pleiotropic effects. The present study examined the effects of phloretin on the commitment of marrow stromal cells to adipocytes, using the mouse marrow stromal cell line ST2. Oil red O staining showed that treatment with phloretin 10–100 µM promoted lipid accumulation. Real-time PCR showed that phloretin significantly increased the expression of adipogenic markers, including PPARγ, C/EBPα, fatty acid synthase, fatty acid-binding protein 4, and adiponectin. Western blotting showed that phloretin inhibited ERK1/2 and JNK but activated p38 MAPK. Treatment with a MAPK/ERK kinase inhibitor and a JNK inhibitor enhanced adipogenesis, similar to phloretin. In contrast, a p38 MAPK inhibitor suppressed phloretin-induced adipogenesis. Although phloretin phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), co-incubation with an AMPK inhibitor did not block phloretin-induced adipogenesis. The 2-deoxyglucose colorimetric assay showed that phloretin and siRNA silencing of GLUT1 decreased glucose uptake. However, unlike phloretin treatment, GLUT1 silencing inhibited adipogenesis. In addition, phloretin enhanced adipogenesis in GLUT1 knocked-down cells. Taken together, phloretin induced adipogenesis of marrow stromal cells by inhibiting ERK1/2 and JNK and by activating p38 MAPK. The adipogenic effects of phloretin were independent of glucose uptake inhibition. Phloretin may affect energy metabolism by influencing adipogenesis and adiponectin expression.

ジャーナルInternational journal of molecular sciences
出版ステータス出版済み - 6 14 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 触媒
  • 分子生物学
  • 分光学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 有機化学
  • 無機化学


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