In order to investigate the factors causing fast growth of sprouts of Pasania edulis, photosynthetic activity and water relation characteristics of lower (mature) leaves and upper (expanding) leaves of the sprouts were compared with those of seedlings and adult trees of P. edulis. Apparent quantum yield was generally low. Maximum photosynthetic rate was highest in the lower leaves of sprouts. Stomatal frequency was higher in sprout leaves than in seedling leaves. Osmotic potential at the water saturation point and water potential at the turgor loss point, in leaves, were higher in sprouts than in seedlings and adult trees. Symplasmic water content per unit leaf area was higher in sprouts than in seedlings. These water relation parameters in leaves indicated that sprout leaves are superior in maintaining cell turgor against water loss, but are not tolerant to water stress. In field measurements, sprout leaves showed higher stomatal conductance and transpiration rates. These results indicated that sprout leaves fully realized their high potential productivity even under field conditions. The leaf specific conductance, from the soil to the leaf, was higher in sprouts than in seedlings. Large and deep root systems of the original stumps of the sprouts may be attributed to the high leaf specific conductance.
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