Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests

J. W.Ferry Slik, Janet Franklin, Víctor Arroyo-Rodríguez, Richard Field, Salomon Aguilar, Nikolay Aguirre, Jorge Ahumada, Shin Ichiro Aiba, Luciana F. Alves, K. Anitha, Andres Avella, Francisco Mora, Gerardo A.C. Aymard, Selene Báez, Patricia Balvanera, Meredith L. Bastian, Jean François Bastin, Peter J. Bellingham, Eduardo Van Den Berg, Polyanna Da Conceição BispoPascal Boeckx, Katrin Boehning-Gaese, Frans Bongers, Brad Boyle, Fabian Brambach, Francis Q. Brearley, Sandra Brown, Shauna Lee Chai, Robin L. Chazdon, Shengbin Chen, Phourin Chhang, George Chuyong, Corneille Ewango, Indiana M. Coronado, Jurgi Cristóbal-Azkarate, Heike Culmsee, Kipiro Damas, H. S. Dattaraja, Priya Davidar, Saara J. DeWalt, Hazimah DIn, Donald R. Drake, Alvaro Duque, Giselda Durigan, Karl Eichhorn, Eduardo Schmidt Eler, Tsutomu Enoki, Andreas Ensslin, Adandé Belarmain Fandohan, Nina Farwig, Kenneth J. Feeley, Markus Fischer, Olle Forshed, Queila Souza Garcia, Satish Chandra Garkoti, Thomas W. Gillespie, Jean Francois Gillet, Christelle Gonmadje, Iñigo Granzow-De La Cerda, Daniel M. Griffith, James Grogan, Khalid Rehman Hakeem, David J. Harris, Rhett D. Harrison, Andy Hector, Andreas Hemp, Jürgen Homeier, M. Shah Hussain, Guillermo Ibarra-Manríquez, I. Faridah Hanum, Nobuo Imai, Patrick A. Jansen, Carlos Alfredo Joly, Shijo Joseph, Kuswata Kartawinata, Elizabeth Kearsley, Daniel L. Kelly, Michael Kessler, Timothy J. Killeen, Robert M. Kooyman, Yves Laumonier, Susan G. Laurance, William F. Laurance, Michael J. Lawes, Susan G. Letcher, Jeremy Lindsell, Jon Lovett, Jose Lozada, Xinghui Lu, Anne Mette Lykke, Khairil Bin Mahmud, Ni Putu DIana Mahayani, Asyraf Mansor, Andrew R. Marshall, Emanuel H. Martin, Darley Calderado Leal Matos, Jorge A. Meave, Felipe P.L. Melo, Zhofre Huberto Aguirre Mendoza, Faizah Metali, Vincent P. Medjibe, Jean Paul Metzger, Thiago Metzker, D. Mohandass, Miguel A. Munguía-Rosas, Rodrigo Muñoz, Eddy Nurtjahya, Eddie Lenza De Oliveira, Onrizal, Pia Parolin, Marc Parren, N. Parthasarathy, Ekananda Paudel, Rolando Perez, Eduardo A. Pérez-García, Ulf Pommer, Lourens Poorter, Lan Qi, Maria Teresa F. Piedade, José Roberto Rodrigues Pinto, Axel Dalberg Poulsen, John R. Poulsen, Jennifer S. Powers, Rama Chandra Prasad, Jean Philippe Puyravaud, Orlando Rangel, Jan Reitsma, DIogo S.B. Rocha, Samir Rolim, Francesco Rovero, Andes Rozak, Kalle Ruokolainen, Ervan Rutishauser, Gemma Rutten, Mohd Nizam Mohd Said, Felipe Z. Saiter, Philippe Saner, Braulio Santos, João Roberto Dos Santos, Swapan Kumar Sarker, Christine B. Schmitt, Jochen Schoengart, Mark Schulze, Douglas Sheil, Plinio Sist, Alexandre F. Souza, Wilson Roberto Spironello, Tereza Sposito, Robert Steinmetz, Tariq Stevart, Marcio Seiji Suganuma, Rahayu Sukri, Aisha Sultana, Raman Sukumar, Terry Sunderland, Supriyadi, H. S. Suresh, Eizi Suzuki, Marcelo Tabarelli, Jianwei Tang, Ed V.J. Tanner, Natalia Targhetta, Ida Theilade, Duncan Thomas, Jonathan Timberlake, Márcio De Morisson Valeriano, Johan Van Valkenburg, Tran Van Do, Hoang Van Sam, John H. Vandermeer, Hans Verbeeck, Ole Reidar Vetaas, Victor Adekunle, Simone A. Vieira, Campbell O. Webb, Edward L. Webb, Timothy Whitfeld, Serge Wich, John Williams, Susan Wiser, Florian Wittmann, Xiaobo Yang, C. Yves Adou Yao, Sandra L. Yap, Rakan A. Zahawi, Rahmad Zakaria, Runguo Zang

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

21 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world's tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present a classification of the world's tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (i) Indo-Pacific, (ii) Subtropical, (iii) African, (iv) American, and (v) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional neo- versus paleotropical forest division but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar, and India. Additionally, a northern-hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northernhemisphere forests.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)1837-1842
ページ数6
ジャーナルProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
115
発行部数8
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 2 20 2018

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African Americans
Madagascar
Asian Americans
Phylogeny
Forests
India
Equipment and Supplies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

これを引用

Slik, J. W. F., Franklin, J., Arroyo-Rodríguez, V., Field, R., Aguilar, S., Aguirre, N., ... Zang, R. (2018). Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(8), 1837-1842. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1714977115

Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests. / Slik, J. W.Ferry; Franklin, Janet; Arroyo-Rodríguez, Víctor; Field, Richard; Aguilar, Salomon; Aguirre, Nikolay; Ahumada, Jorge; Aiba, Shin Ichiro; Alves, Luciana F.; Anitha, K.; Avella, Andres; Mora, Francisco; Aymard, Gerardo A.C.; Báez, Selene; Balvanera, Patricia; Bastian, Meredith L.; Bastin, Jean François; Bellingham, Peter J.; Van Den Berg, Eduardo; Da Conceição Bispo, Polyanna; Boeckx, Pascal; Boehning-Gaese, Katrin; Bongers, Frans; Boyle, Brad; Brambach, Fabian; Brearley, Francis Q.; Brown, Sandra; Chai, Shauna Lee; Chazdon, Robin L.; Chen, Shengbin; Chhang, Phourin; Chuyong, George; Ewango, Corneille; Coronado, Indiana M.; Cristóbal-Azkarate, Jurgi; Culmsee, Heike; Damas, Kipiro; Dattaraja, H. S.; Davidar, Priya; DeWalt, Saara J.; DIn, Hazimah; Drake, Donald R.; Duque, Alvaro; Durigan, Giselda; Eichhorn, Karl; Eler, Eduardo Schmidt; Enoki, Tsutomu; Ensslin, Andreas; Fandohan, Adandé Belarmain; Farwig, Nina; Feeley, Kenneth J.; Fischer, Markus; Forshed, Olle; Garcia, Queila Souza; Garkoti, Satish Chandra; Gillespie, Thomas W.; Gillet, Jean Francois; Gonmadje, Christelle; Granzow-De La Cerda, Iñigo; Griffith, Daniel M.; Grogan, James; Hakeem, Khalid Rehman; Harris, David J.; Harrison, Rhett D.; Hector, Andy; Hemp, Andreas; Homeier, Jürgen; Hussain, M. Shah; Ibarra-Manríquez, Guillermo; Hanum, I. Faridah; Imai, Nobuo; Jansen, Patrick A.; Joly, Carlos Alfredo; Joseph, Shijo; Kartawinata, Kuswata; Kearsley, Elizabeth; Kelly, Daniel L.; Kessler, Michael; Killeen, Timothy J.; Kooyman, Robert M.; Laumonier, Yves; Laurance, Susan G.; Laurance, William F.; Lawes, Michael J.; Letcher, Susan G.; Lindsell, Jeremy; Lovett, Jon; Lozada, Jose; Lu, Xinghui; Lykke, Anne Mette; Bin Mahmud, Khairil; Mahayani, Ni Putu DIana; Mansor, Asyraf; Marshall, Andrew R.; Martin, Emanuel H.; Matos, Darley Calderado Leal; Meave, Jorge A.; Melo, Felipe P.L.; Mendoza, Zhofre Huberto Aguirre; Metali, Faizah; Medjibe, Vincent P.; Metzger, Jean Paul; Metzker, Thiago; Mohandass, D.; Munguía-Rosas, Miguel A.; Muñoz, Rodrigo; Nurtjahya, Eddy; De Oliveira, Eddie Lenza; Onrizal; Parolin, Pia; Parren, Marc; Parthasarathy, N.; Paudel, Ekananda; Perez, Rolando; Pérez-García, Eduardo A.; Pommer, Ulf; Poorter, Lourens; Qi, Lan; Piedade, Maria Teresa F.; Pinto, José Roberto Rodrigues; Poulsen, Axel Dalberg; Poulsen, John R.; Powers, Jennifer S.; Prasad, Rama Chandra; Puyravaud, Jean Philippe; Rangel, Orlando; Reitsma, Jan; Rocha, DIogo S.B.; Rolim, Samir; Rovero, Francesco; Rozak, Andes; Ruokolainen, Kalle; Rutishauser, Ervan; Rutten, Gemma; Mohd Said, Mohd Nizam; Saiter, Felipe Z.; Saner, Philippe; Santos, Braulio; Dos Santos, João Roberto; Sarker, Swapan Kumar; Schmitt, Christine B.; Schoengart, Jochen; Schulze, Mark; Sheil, Douglas; Sist, Plinio; Souza, Alexandre F.; Spironello, Wilson Roberto; Sposito, Tereza; Steinmetz, Robert; Stevart, Tariq; Suganuma, Marcio Seiji; Sukri, Rahayu; Sultana, Aisha; Sukumar, Raman; Sunderland, Terry; Supriyadi; Suresh, H. S.; Suzuki, Eizi; Tabarelli, Marcelo; Tang, Jianwei; Tanner, Ed V.J.; Targhetta, Natalia; Theilade, Ida; Thomas, Duncan; Timberlake, Jonathan; De Morisson Valeriano, Márcio; Van Valkenburg, Johan; Van Do, Tran; Van Sam, Hoang; Vandermeer, John H.; Verbeeck, Hans; Vetaas, Ole Reidar; Adekunle, Victor; Vieira, Simone A.; Webb, Campbell O.; Webb, Edward L.; Whitfeld, Timothy; Wich, Serge; Williams, John; Wiser, Susan; Wittmann, Florian; Yang, Xiaobo; Yao, C. Yves Adou; Yap, Sandra L.; Zahawi, Rakan A.; Zakaria, Rahmad; Zang, Runguo.

:: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 巻 115, 番号 8, 20.02.2018, p. 1837-1842.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Slik, JWF, Franklin, J, Arroyo-Rodríguez, V, Field, R, Aguilar, S, Aguirre, N, Ahumada, J, Aiba, SI, Alves, LF, Anitha, K, Avella, A, Mora, F, Aymard, GAC, Báez, S, Balvanera, P, Bastian, ML, Bastin, JF, Bellingham, PJ, Van Den Berg, E, Da Conceição Bispo, P, Boeckx, P, Boehning-Gaese, K, Bongers, F, Boyle, B, Brambach, F, Brearley, FQ, Brown, S, Chai, SL, Chazdon, RL, Chen, S, Chhang, P, Chuyong, G, Ewango, C, Coronado, IM, Cristóbal-Azkarate, J, Culmsee, H, Damas, K, Dattaraja, HS, Davidar, P, DeWalt, SJ, DIn, H, Drake, DR, Duque, A, Durigan, G, Eichhorn, K, Eler, ES, Enoki, T, Ensslin, A, Fandohan, AB, Farwig, N, Feeley, KJ, Fischer, M, Forshed, O, Garcia, QS, Garkoti, SC, Gillespie, TW, Gillet, JF, Gonmadje, C, Granzow-De La Cerda, I, Griffith, DM, Grogan, J, Hakeem, KR, Harris, DJ, Harrison, RD, Hector, A, Hemp, A, Homeier, J, Hussain, MS, Ibarra-Manríquez, G, Hanum, IF, Imai, N, Jansen, PA, Joly, CA, Joseph, S, Kartawinata, K, Kearsley, E, Kelly, DL, Kessler, M, Killeen, TJ, Kooyman, RM, Laumonier, Y, Laurance, SG, Laurance, WF, Lawes, MJ, Letcher, SG, Lindsell, J, Lovett, J, Lozada, J, Lu, X, Lykke, AM, Bin Mahmud, K, Mahayani, NPDI, Mansor, A, Marshall, AR, Martin, EH, Matos, DCL, Meave, JA, Melo, FPL, Mendoza, ZHA, Metali, F, Medjibe, VP, Metzger, JP, Metzker, T, Mohandass, D, Munguía-Rosas, MA, Muñoz, R, Nurtjahya, E, De Oliveira, EL, Onrizal, Parolin, P, Parren, M, Parthasarathy, N, Paudel, E, Perez, R, Pérez-García, EA, Pommer, U, Poorter, L, Qi, L, Piedade, MTF, Pinto, JRR, Poulsen, AD, Poulsen, JR, Powers, JS, Prasad, RC, Puyravaud, JP, Rangel, O, Reitsma, J, Rocha, DISB, Rolim, S, Rovero, F, Rozak, A, Ruokolainen, K, Rutishauser, E, Rutten, G, Mohd Said, MN, Saiter, FZ, Saner, P, Santos, B, Dos Santos, JR, Sarker, SK, Schmitt, CB, Schoengart, J, Schulze, M, Sheil, D, Sist, P, Souza, AF, Spironello, WR, Sposito, T, Steinmetz, R, Stevart, T, Suganuma, MS, Sukri, R, Sultana, A, Sukumar, R, Sunderland, T, Supriyadi, Suresh, HS, Suzuki, E, Tabarelli, M, Tang, J, Tanner, EVJ, Targhetta, N, Theilade, I, Thomas, D, Timberlake, J, De Morisson Valeriano, M, Van Valkenburg, J, Van Do, T, Van Sam, H, Vandermeer, JH, Verbeeck, H, Vetaas, OR, Adekunle, V, Vieira, SA, Webb, CO, Webb, EL, Whitfeld, T, Wich, S, Williams, J, Wiser, S, Wittmann, F, Yang, X, Yao, CYA, Yap, SL, Zahawi, RA, Zakaria, R & Zang, R 2018, 'Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 巻. 115, 番号 8, pp. 1837-1842. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1714977115
Slik, J. W.Ferry ; Franklin, Janet ; Arroyo-Rodríguez, Víctor ; Field, Richard ; Aguilar, Salomon ; Aguirre, Nikolay ; Ahumada, Jorge ; Aiba, Shin Ichiro ; Alves, Luciana F. ; Anitha, K. ; Avella, Andres ; Mora, Francisco ; Aymard, Gerardo A.C. ; Báez, Selene ; Balvanera, Patricia ; Bastian, Meredith L. ; Bastin, Jean François ; Bellingham, Peter J. ; Van Den Berg, Eduardo ; Da Conceição Bispo, Polyanna ; Boeckx, Pascal ; Boehning-Gaese, Katrin ; Bongers, Frans ; Boyle, Brad ; Brambach, Fabian ; Brearley, Francis Q. ; Brown, Sandra ; Chai, Shauna Lee ; Chazdon, Robin L. ; Chen, Shengbin ; Chhang, Phourin ; Chuyong, George ; Ewango, Corneille ; Coronado, Indiana M. ; Cristóbal-Azkarate, Jurgi ; Culmsee, Heike ; Damas, Kipiro ; Dattaraja, H. S. ; Davidar, Priya ; DeWalt, Saara J. ; DIn, Hazimah ; Drake, Donald R. ; Duque, Alvaro ; Durigan, Giselda ; Eichhorn, Karl ; Eler, Eduardo Schmidt ; Enoki, Tsutomu ; Ensslin, Andreas ; Fandohan, Adandé Belarmain ; Farwig, Nina ; Feeley, Kenneth J. ; Fischer, Markus ; Forshed, Olle ; Garcia, Queila Souza ; Garkoti, Satish Chandra ; Gillespie, Thomas W. ; Gillet, Jean Francois ; Gonmadje, Christelle ; Granzow-De La Cerda, Iñigo ; Griffith, Daniel M. ; Grogan, James ; Hakeem, Khalid Rehman ; Harris, David J. ; Harrison, Rhett D. ; Hector, Andy ; Hemp, Andreas ; Homeier, Jürgen ; Hussain, M. Shah ; Ibarra-Manríquez, Guillermo ; Hanum, I. Faridah ; Imai, Nobuo ; Jansen, Patrick A. ; Joly, Carlos Alfredo ; Joseph, Shijo ; Kartawinata, Kuswata ; Kearsley, Elizabeth ; Kelly, Daniel L. ; Kessler, Michael ; Killeen, Timothy J. ; Kooyman, Robert M. ; Laumonier, Yves ; Laurance, Susan G. ; Laurance, William F. ; Lawes, Michael J. ; Letcher, Susan G. ; Lindsell, Jeremy ; Lovett, Jon ; Lozada, Jose ; Lu, Xinghui ; Lykke, Anne Mette ; Bin Mahmud, Khairil ; Mahayani, Ni Putu DIana ; Mansor, Asyraf ; Marshall, Andrew R. ; Martin, Emanuel H. ; Matos, Darley Calderado Leal ; Meave, Jorge A. ; Melo, Felipe P.L. ; Mendoza, Zhofre Huberto Aguirre ; Metali, Faizah ; Medjibe, Vincent P. ; Metzger, Jean Paul ; Metzker, Thiago ; Mohandass, D. ; Munguía-Rosas, Miguel A. ; Muñoz, Rodrigo ; Nurtjahya, Eddy ; De Oliveira, Eddie Lenza ; Onrizal ; Parolin, Pia ; Parren, Marc ; Parthasarathy, N. ; Paudel, Ekananda ; Perez, Rolando ; Pérez-García, Eduardo A. ; Pommer, Ulf ; Poorter, Lourens ; Qi, Lan ; Piedade, Maria Teresa F. ; Pinto, José Roberto Rodrigues ; Poulsen, Axel Dalberg ; Poulsen, John R. ; Powers, Jennifer S. ; Prasad, Rama Chandra ; Puyravaud, Jean Philippe ; Rangel, Orlando ; Reitsma, Jan ; Rocha, DIogo S.B. ; Rolim, Samir ; Rovero, Francesco ; Rozak, Andes ; Ruokolainen, Kalle ; Rutishauser, Ervan ; Rutten, Gemma ; Mohd Said, Mohd Nizam ; Saiter, Felipe Z. ; Saner, Philippe ; Santos, Braulio ; Dos Santos, João Roberto ; Sarker, Swapan Kumar ; Schmitt, Christine B. ; Schoengart, Jochen ; Schulze, Mark ; Sheil, Douglas ; Sist, Plinio ; Souza, Alexandre F. ; Spironello, Wilson Roberto ; Sposito, Tereza ; Steinmetz, Robert ; Stevart, Tariq ; Suganuma, Marcio Seiji ; Sukri, Rahayu ; Sultana, Aisha ; Sukumar, Raman ; Sunderland, Terry ; Supriyadi ; Suresh, H. S. ; Suzuki, Eizi ; Tabarelli, Marcelo ; Tang, Jianwei ; Tanner, Ed V.J. ; Targhetta, Natalia ; Theilade, Ida ; Thomas, Duncan ; Timberlake, Jonathan ; De Morisson Valeriano, Márcio ; Van Valkenburg, Johan ; Van Do, Tran ; Van Sam, Hoang ; Vandermeer, John H. ; Verbeeck, Hans ; Vetaas, Ole Reidar ; Adekunle, Victor ; Vieira, Simone A. ; Webb, Campbell O. ; Webb, Edward L. ; Whitfeld, Timothy ; Wich, Serge ; Williams, John ; Wiser, Susan ; Wittmann, Florian ; Yang, Xiaobo ; Yao, C. Yves Adou ; Yap, Sandra L. ; Zahawi, Rakan A. ; Zakaria, Rahmad ; Zang, Runguo. / Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests. :: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2018 ; 巻 115, 番号 8. pp. 1837-1842.
@article{ffa85daece2f475c81f36f52ba128828,
title = "Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests",
abstract = "Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world's tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present a classification of the world's tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (i) Indo-Pacific, (ii) Subtropical, (iii) African, (iv) American, and (v) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional neo- versus paleotropical forest division but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar, and India. Additionally, a northern-hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northernhemisphere forests.",
author = "Slik, {J. W.Ferry} and Janet Franklin and V{\'i}ctor Arroyo-Rodr{\'i}guez and Richard Field and Salomon Aguilar and Nikolay Aguirre and Jorge Ahumada and Aiba, {Shin Ichiro} and Alves, {Luciana F.} and K. Anitha and Andres Avella and Francisco Mora and Aymard, {Gerardo A.C.} and Selene B{\'a}ez and Patricia Balvanera and Bastian, {Meredith L.} and Bastin, {Jean Fran{\cc}ois} and Bellingham, {Peter J.} and {Van Den Berg}, Eduardo and {Da Concei{\cc}{\~a}o Bispo}, Polyanna and Pascal Boeckx and Katrin Boehning-Gaese and Frans Bongers and Brad Boyle and Fabian Brambach and Brearley, {Francis Q.} and Sandra Brown and Chai, {Shauna Lee} and Chazdon, {Robin L.} and Shengbin Chen and Phourin Chhang and George Chuyong and Corneille Ewango and Coronado, {Indiana M.} and Jurgi Crist{\'o}bal-Azkarate and Heike Culmsee and Kipiro Damas and Dattaraja, {H. S.} and Priya Davidar and DeWalt, {Saara J.} and Hazimah DIn and Drake, {Donald R.} and Alvaro Duque and Giselda Durigan and Karl Eichhorn and Eler, {Eduardo Schmidt} and Tsutomu Enoki and Andreas Ensslin and Fandohan, {Adand{\'e} Belarmain} and Nina Farwig and Feeley, {Kenneth J.} and Markus Fischer and Olle Forshed and Garcia, {Queila Souza} and Garkoti, {Satish Chandra} and Gillespie, {Thomas W.} and Gillet, {Jean Francois} and Christelle Gonmadje and {Granzow-De La Cerda}, I{\~n}igo and Griffith, {Daniel M.} and James Grogan and Hakeem, {Khalid Rehman} and Harris, {David J.} and Harrison, {Rhett D.} and Andy Hector and Andreas Hemp and J{\"u}rgen Homeier and Hussain, {M. Shah} and Guillermo Ibarra-Manr{\'i}quez and Hanum, {I. Faridah} and Nobuo Imai and Jansen, {Patrick A.} and Joly, {Carlos Alfredo} and Shijo Joseph and Kuswata Kartawinata and Elizabeth Kearsley and Kelly, {Daniel L.} and Michael Kessler and Killeen, {Timothy J.} and Kooyman, {Robert M.} and Yves Laumonier and Laurance, {Susan G.} and Laurance, {William F.} and Lawes, {Michael J.} and Letcher, {Susan G.} and Jeremy Lindsell and Jon Lovett and Jose Lozada and Xinghui Lu and Lykke, {Anne Mette} and {Bin Mahmud}, Khairil and Mahayani, {Ni Putu DIana} and Asyraf Mansor and Marshall, {Andrew R.} and Martin, {Emanuel H.} and Matos, {Darley Calderado Leal} and Meave, {Jorge A.} and Melo, {Felipe P.L.} and Mendoza, {Zhofre Huberto Aguirre} and Faizah Metali and Medjibe, {Vincent P.} and Metzger, {Jean Paul} and Thiago Metzker and D. Mohandass and Mungu{\'i}a-Rosas, {Miguel A.} and Rodrigo Mu{\~n}oz and Eddy Nurtjahya and {De Oliveira}, {Eddie Lenza} and Onrizal and Pia Parolin and Marc Parren and N. Parthasarathy and Ekananda Paudel and Rolando Perez and P{\'e}rez-Garc{\'i}a, {Eduardo A.} and Ulf Pommer and Lourens Poorter and Lan Qi and Piedade, {Maria Teresa F.} and Pinto, {Jos{\'e} Roberto Rodrigues} and Poulsen, {Axel Dalberg} and Poulsen, {John R.} and Powers, {Jennifer S.} and Prasad, {Rama Chandra} and Puyravaud, {Jean Philippe} and Orlando Rangel and Jan Reitsma and Rocha, {DIogo S.B.} and Samir Rolim and Francesco Rovero and Andes Rozak and Kalle Ruokolainen and Ervan Rutishauser and Gemma Rutten and {Mohd Said}, {Mohd Nizam} and Saiter, {Felipe Z.} and Philippe Saner and Braulio Santos and {Dos Santos}, {Jo{\~a}o Roberto} and Sarker, {Swapan Kumar} and Schmitt, {Christine B.} and Jochen Schoengart and Mark Schulze and Douglas Sheil and Plinio Sist and Souza, {Alexandre F.} and Spironello, {Wilson Roberto} and Tereza Sposito and Robert Steinmetz and Tariq Stevart and Suganuma, {Marcio Seiji} and Rahayu Sukri and Aisha Sultana and Raman Sukumar and Terry Sunderland and Supriyadi and Suresh, {H. S.} and Eizi Suzuki and Marcelo Tabarelli and Jianwei Tang and Tanner, {Ed V.J.} and Natalia Targhetta and Ida Theilade and Duncan Thomas and Jonathan Timberlake and {De Morisson Valeriano}, M{\'a}rcio and {Van Valkenburg}, Johan and {Van Do}, Tran and {Van Sam}, Hoang and Vandermeer, {John H.} and Hans Verbeeck and Vetaas, {Ole Reidar} and Victor Adekunle and Vieira, {Simone A.} and Webb, {Campbell O.} and Webb, {Edward L.} and Timothy Whitfeld and Serge Wich and John Williams and Susan Wiser and Florian Wittmann and Xiaobo Yang and Yao, {C. Yves Adou} and Yap, {Sandra L.} and Zahawi, {Rakan A.} and Rahmad Zakaria and Runguo Zang",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1714977115",
language = "English",
volume = "115",
pages = "1837--1842",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests

AU - Slik, J. W.Ferry

AU - Franklin, Janet

AU - Arroyo-Rodríguez, Víctor

AU - Field, Richard

AU - Aguilar, Salomon

AU - Aguirre, Nikolay

AU - Ahumada, Jorge

AU - Aiba, Shin Ichiro

AU - Alves, Luciana F.

AU - Anitha, K.

AU - Avella, Andres

AU - Mora, Francisco

AU - Aymard, Gerardo A.C.

AU - Báez, Selene

AU - Balvanera, Patricia

AU - Bastian, Meredith L.

AU - Bastin, Jean François

AU - Bellingham, Peter J.

AU - Van Den Berg, Eduardo

AU - Da Conceição Bispo, Polyanna

AU - Boeckx, Pascal

AU - Boehning-Gaese, Katrin

AU - Bongers, Frans

AU - Boyle, Brad

AU - Brambach, Fabian

AU - Brearley, Francis Q.

AU - Brown, Sandra

AU - Chai, Shauna Lee

AU - Chazdon, Robin L.

AU - Chen, Shengbin

AU - Chhang, Phourin

AU - Chuyong, George

AU - Ewango, Corneille

AU - Coronado, Indiana M.

AU - Cristóbal-Azkarate, Jurgi

AU - Culmsee, Heike

AU - Damas, Kipiro

AU - Dattaraja, H. S.

AU - Davidar, Priya

AU - DeWalt, Saara J.

AU - DIn, Hazimah

AU - Drake, Donald R.

AU - Duque, Alvaro

AU - Durigan, Giselda

AU - Eichhorn, Karl

AU - Eler, Eduardo Schmidt

AU - Enoki, Tsutomu

AU - Ensslin, Andreas

AU - Fandohan, Adandé Belarmain

AU - Farwig, Nina

AU - Feeley, Kenneth J.

AU - Fischer, Markus

AU - Forshed, Olle

AU - Garcia, Queila Souza

AU - Garkoti, Satish Chandra

AU - Gillespie, Thomas W.

AU - Gillet, Jean Francois

AU - Gonmadje, Christelle

AU - Granzow-De La Cerda, Iñigo

AU - Griffith, Daniel M.

AU - Grogan, James

AU - Hakeem, Khalid Rehman

AU - Harris, David J.

AU - Harrison, Rhett D.

AU - Hector, Andy

AU - Hemp, Andreas

AU - Homeier, Jürgen

AU - Hussain, M. Shah

AU - Ibarra-Manríquez, Guillermo

AU - Hanum, I. Faridah

AU - Imai, Nobuo

AU - Jansen, Patrick A.

AU - Joly, Carlos Alfredo

AU - Joseph, Shijo

AU - Kartawinata, Kuswata

AU - Kearsley, Elizabeth

AU - Kelly, Daniel L.

AU - Kessler, Michael

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AU - Kooyman, Robert M.

AU - Laumonier, Yves

AU - Laurance, Susan G.

AU - Laurance, William F.

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AU - Letcher, Susan G.

AU - Lindsell, Jeremy

AU - Lovett, Jon

AU - Lozada, Jose

AU - Lu, Xinghui

AU - Lykke, Anne Mette

AU - Bin Mahmud, Khairil

AU - Mahayani, Ni Putu DIana

AU - Mansor, Asyraf

AU - Marshall, Andrew R.

AU - Martin, Emanuel H.

AU - Matos, Darley Calderado Leal

AU - Meave, Jorge A.

AU - Melo, Felipe P.L.

AU - Mendoza, Zhofre Huberto Aguirre

AU - Metali, Faizah

AU - Medjibe, Vincent P.

AU - Metzger, Jean Paul

AU - Metzker, Thiago

AU - Mohandass, D.

AU - Munguía-Rosas, Miguel A.

AU - Muñoz, Rodrigo

AU - Nurtjahya, Eddy

AU - De Oliveira, Eddie Lenza

AU - Onrizal,

AU - Parolin, Pia

AU - Parren, Marc

AU - Parthasarathy, N.

AU - Paudel, Ekananda

AU - Perez, Rolando

AU - Pérez-García, Eduardo A.

AU - Pommer, Ulf

AU - Poorter, Lourens

AU - Qi, Lan

AU - Piedade, Maria Teresa F.

AU - Pinto, José Roberto Rodrigues

AU - Poulsen, Axel Dalberg

AU - Poulsen, John R.

AU - Powers, Jennifer S.

AU - Prasad, Rama Chandra

AU - Puyravaud, Jean Philippe

AU - Rangel, Orlando

AU - Reitsma, Jan

AU - Rocha, DIogo S.B.

AU - Rolim, Samir

AU - Rovero, Francesco

AU - Rozak, Andes

AU - Ruokolainen, Kalle

AU - Rutishauser, Ervan

AU - Rutten, Gemma

AU - Mohd Said, Mohd Nizam

AU - Saiter, Felipe Z.

AU - Saner, Philippe

AU - Santos, Braulio

AU - Dos Santos, João Roberto

AU - Sarker, Swapan Kumar

AU - Schmitt, Christine B.

AU - Schoengart, Jochen

AU - Schulze, Mark

AU - Sheil, Douglas

AU - Sist, Plinio

AU - Souza, Alexandre F.

AU - Spironello, Wilson Roberto

AU - Sposito, Tereza

AU - Steinmetz, Robert

AU - Stevart, Tariq

AU - Suganuma, Marcio Seiji

AU - Sukri, Rahayu

AU - Sultana, Aisha

AU - Sukumar, Raman

AU - Sunderland, Terry

AU - Supriyadi,

AU - Suresh, H. S.

AU - Suzuki, Eizi

AU - Tabarelli, Marcelo

AU - Tang, Jianwei

AU - Tanner, Ed V.J.

AU - Targhetta, Natalia

AU - Theilade, Ida

AU - Thomas, Duncan

AU - Timberlake, Jonathan

AU - De Morisson Valeriano, Márcio

AU - Van Valkenburg, Johan

AU - Van Do, Tran

AU - Van Sam, Hoang

AU - Vandermeer, John H.

AU - Verbeeck, Hans

AU - Vetaas, Ole Reidar

AU - Adekunle, Victor

AU - Vieira, Simone A.

AU - Webb, Campbell O.

AU - Webb, Edward L.

AU - Whitfeld, Timothy

AU - Wich, Serge

AU - Williams, John

AU - Wiser, Susan

AU - Wittmann, Florian

AU - Yang, Xiaobo

AU - Yao, C. Yves Adou

AU - Yap, Sandra L.

AU - Zahawi, Rakan A.

AU - Zakaria, Rahmad

AU - Zang, Runguo

PY - 2018/2/20

Y1 - 2018/2/20

N2 - Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world's tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present a classification of the world's tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (i) Indo-Pacific, (ii) Subtropical, (iii) African, (iv) American, and (v) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional neo- versus paleotropical forest division but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar, and India. Additionally, a northern-hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northernhemisphere forests.

AB - Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world's tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present a classification of the world's tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (i) Indo-Pacific, (ii) Subtropical, (iii) African, (iv) American, and (v) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional neo- versus paleotropical forest division but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar, and India. Additionally, a northern-hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northernhemisphere forests.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042624090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042624090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1714977115

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1714977115

M3 - Article

C2 - 29432167

AN - SCOPUS:85042624090

VL - 115

SP - 1837

EP - 1842

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 8

ER -