Phylogenetic status and pathogenicity of Metarhizium majus isolated from a fruit beetle larva in Japan

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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Some isolates of Metarhizium anisopliae sensu lato with large conidia (MALC), which was formerly known as M. anisopliae var. majus, from a scarabaeid host, such as isolates from the coconut rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes spp.), have a narrow host range and are particularly adapted to their original host. Despite recent taxonomic revisions of the genus Metarhizium on the basis of DNA sequences, variations in host preferences of MALC have not been linked to DNA sequence variations. This study focused on the phylogenetic status and pathogenicity of MALC isolated from the fruit beetle larva Protaetia orientalis submarumorea (Pos) in Japan to investigate the relationship between virulence and nucleotide sequence variation among MALC. On the basis of the results of the phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences from five loci, we identified an isolate from Pos (Hn1) as M. majus, which comprised many isolates with large conidia from scarabaeid insects. In the virulence assay of genetically diverse Metarhizium isolates, only Hn1 and its most closely related isolates from soil showed pathogenicity to Pos; however, these Pos-pathogenic isolates showed weak virulence against silkworms. In the analysis of the intergenic spacer region of rDNA, the Pos-pathogenic isolates displayed unique sequence variation and were clearly distinguished from closely related lineages, including isolates from Oryctes sp., which formed a separate monophyletic group. These results indicate that the Pos-pathogenic isolates from Japan are particularly adapted to Pos and can be genetically distinguished from M. majus isolates from different scarabaeid insects.

元の言語英語
記事番号58
ジャーナルMycological Progress
14
発行部数8
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 8 25 2015

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Protaetia
Metarhizium
Beetles
pathogenicity
virulence
Larva
Virulence
insect larvae
Fruit
beetle
Japan
fruit
larva
phylogenetics
DNA
fruits
phylogeny
Fungal Spores
insect
Oryctes (Coleoptera)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

これを引用

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title = "Phylogenetic status and pathogenicity of Metarhizium majus isolated from a fruit beetle larva in Japan",
abstract = "Some isolates of Metarhizium anisopliae sensu lato with large conidia (MALC), which was formerly known as M. anisopliae var. majus, from a scarabaeid host, such as isolates from the coconut rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes spp.), have a narrow host range and are particularly adapted to their original host. Despite recent taxonomic revisions of the genus Metarhizium on the basis of DNA sequences, variations in host preferences of MALC have not been linked to DNA sequence variations. This study focused on the phylogenetic status and pathogenicity of MALC isolated from the fruit beetle larva Protaetia orientalis submarumorea (Pos) in Japan to investigate the relationship between virulence and nucleotide sequence variation among MALC. On the basis of the results of the phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences from five loci, we identified an isolate from Pos (Hn1) as M. majus, which comprised many isolates with large conidia from scarabaeid insects. In the virulence assay of genetically diverse Metarhizium isolates, only Hn1 and its most closely related isolates from soil showed pathogenicity to Pos; however, these Pos-pathogenic isolates showed weak virulence against silkworms. In the analysis of the intergenic spacer region of rDNA, the Pos-pathogenic isolates displayed unique sequence variation and were clearly distinguished from closely related lineages, including isolates from Oryctes sp., which formed a separate monophyletic group. These results indicate that the Pos-pathogenic isolates from Japan are particularly adapted to Pos and can be genetically distinguished from M. majus isolates from different scarabaeid insects.",
author = "Omi Nishi and Kazuhiro Iiyama and Chisa Yasunaga-Aoki and Susumu Shimizu",
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AU - Nishi, Omi

AU - Iiyama, Kazuhiro

AU - Yasunaga-Aoki, Chisa

AU - Shimizu, Susumu

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AB - Some isolates of Metarhizium anisopliae sensu lato with large conidia (MALC), which was formerly known as M. anisopliae var. majus, from a scarabaeid host, such as isolates from the coconut rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes spp.), have a narrow host range and are particularly adapted to their original host. Despite recent taxonomic revisions of the genus Metarhizium on the basis of DNA sequences, variations in host preferences of MALC have not been linked to DNA sequence variations. This study focused on the phylogenetic status and pathogenicity of MALC isolated from the fruit beetle larva Protaetia orientalis submarumorea (Pos) in Japan to investigate the relationship between virulence and nucleotide sequence variation among MALC. On the basis of the results of the phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences from five loci, we identified an isolate from Pos (Hn1) as M. majus, which comprised many isolates with large conidia from scarabaeid insects. In the virulence assay of genetically diverse Metarhizium isolates, only Hn1 and its most closely related isolates from soil showed pathogenicity to Pos; however, these Pos-pathogenic isolates showed weak virulence against silkworms. In the analysis of the intergenic spacer region of rDNA, the Pos-pathogenic isolates displayed unique sequence variation and were clearly distinguished from closely related lineages, including isolates from Oryctes sp., which formed a separate monophyletic group. These results indicate that the Pos-pathogenic isolates from Japan are particularly adapted to Pos and can be genetically distinguished from M. majus isolates from different scarabaeid insects.

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