Phylogeny and evolutionary history of the silkworm

Wei Sun, Hong Song Yu, Yi Hong Shen, Yutaka Banno, Zhong Huai Xiang, Ze Zhang

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

37 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The silkworm, Bombyx mori, played an important role in the old Silk Road that connected ancient Asia and Europe. However, to date, there have been few studies of the origins and domestication of this species using molecular methods. In this study, DNA sequences of mitochondrial and nuclear loci were used to infer the phylogeny and evolutionary history of the domesticated silkworm and its relatives. All of the phylogenetic analyses indicated a close relationship between the domesticated silkworm and the Chinese wild silkworm. Domestication was estimated to have occurred about 4100 years ago (ya), and the radiation of the different geographic strains of B. mori about 2000 ya. The Chinese wild silkworm and the Japanese wild silkworm split about 23600 ya. These estimates are in good agreement with the fossil evidence and historical records. In addition, we show that the domesticated silkworm experienced a population expansion around 1000 ya. The divergence times and the population dynamics of silkworms presented in this study will be useful for studies of lepidopteran phylogenetics, in the genetic analysis of domestic animals, and for understanding the spread of human civilizations.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)483-496
ページ数14
ジャーナルScience China Life Sciences
55
6
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 6 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 環境科学(全般)
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)

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