Background/Objectives: The gut peptide hormone ghrelin induces appetite and exhibits an anti-inflammatory effect. Serial perioperative changes in ghrelin have been examined in several surgical procedures, but few in pancreatectomy. The present study analyzed perioperative changes in plasma ghrelin levels after pancreaduodenectomy (PD). Methods: The study included 24 patients undergoing PD between May 2015 and January 2016 at Osaka University Hospital. Plasma ghrelin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, as well as white blood cells (WBCs) and C-reactive protein (CRP), were measured preoperatively and on postoperative day (POD) 1, 3, 7, and 14 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relationship between the individual ghrelin ratio relative to preoperative value (IGR) and the development of grade IIIa-V Clavien-Dindo (CD) complications was examined. Results: Twelve patients (50%) developed grade IIIa CD complications (n = 6 [25%] pancreatic fistula, n = 7 [29%] intraabdominal abscess, n = 3 [13%] post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage, n = 5 [21%] wound infection, and n = 1 [4%] lymphorrhea). The IGR on POD 1 was significantly lower (p = 0.014) in patients who developed the complications compared to those who did not, but no significant differences were found in terms of WBC, CRP, or IL-6 on POD 1. When the IGR cut-off was set to 82% by receiver operative curve analysis, the sensitivity was 83%, specificity 75% and area under the curve 0.80. The lower IGR group (≤82%) had more postoperative complications and longer hospital stay. Conclusions: The IGR on POD 1 after PD is a useful marker for predicting postoperative complications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism