Background: There were few studies assessed the postoperative sarcopenia in patients with cancers. The objective of present study was to assess whether postoperative development of sarcopenia could predict a poor prognosis in patients with adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction, (AEG) and upper gastric cancer (UGC). Methods: Patients with AEG and UGC who were judged as non-sarcopenic before surgery were reassessed the presence of postoperative development of sarcopenia 6 months after surgery. Patients were divided into the development group or non-development group, and clinicopathological factors and prognosis between these two groups were analyzed. Results: The 5-year overall survival rates were significantly poorer in the development group than non-development group (68.0% vs. 92.6%, P = 0.0118). Multivariate analyses showed that postoperative development of sarcopenia was an independent prognostic factor for poor overall survival (P = 0.0237). Conclusions: Postoperative development of sarcopenia was associated with a poor prognosis in patients with AEG and UGC.
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