Preconcentration of Trace Rare-Earth Elements in Seawater by Complexation with Bis(2-ethylhexyl) Hydrogen Phosphate and 2-Ethylhexyl Dihydrogen Phosphate Adsorbed on a C18 Cartridge and Determination by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

Mohammad B. Shabani, Tasuku Akagi, Akimasa Masuda

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

167 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

A rapid and reliable sample preconcentration method with minimum time-consumption and labor has been developed to separate rare-earth elements (REEs ) from seawater for the measurement by Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS). The method Involves adsorption of a mixture of bls(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate (HDEHP) and 2-of bls(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate (HEHP) and 2-ethylhexyl dlhydrogen phosphate (H2 MEHP) onto a C18 cartridge. By passage of seawater samples through the C118 cartridge, quantitative complexation of REEs with adsorbed complexlng agent took place and almost all matrix elements passed through to the drain. The REEs are then removed from the adsorbed complexlng agent with an add eluent. This technique used an eight-channel peristaltic pump for sample processing. Eight 1-L samples of seawater at flow rates of 20 mL/mln were preconcentrated within 1 h. This method permitted large enrichment factors of 200-1000-fold to be attained while providing almost matrix-free concentrate suitable for ICPMS analysis. The total contamination determined for the whole process was much less than 1% of the amount of REEs In 1 L of seawater. The average precisions for all REEs after four replicate preconcentrations of 1000 and 5000 mL of the same seawater to final measurement solutions of 5 mL were calculated to be 2.72% and 1.04%, respectively. The parameters which were evaluated for the optimum experimental conditions Include pH of the sample, amount of complexlng agent loaded on the C18 cartridge, flow rate of the sample, volume of seawater, and concentration and volume of the acid for elution. Since there Is no standard seawater sample for REEs, In order to evaluate the precision and accuracy of this novel technique, the analytical results obtained by this method were compared with those obtained by ICPMS coupled with solvent extraction concentrations and neutron activation analysis (NAA) after Chelex 100 concentrations.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)737-743
ページ数7
ジャーナルAnalytical Chemistry
64
発行部数7
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 1 1992
外部発表Yes

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Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
Trace elements
Rare earth elements
Complexation
Seawater
Hydrogen
Phosphates
Flow rate
Neutron activation analysis
Solvent extraction
Chemical elements
Contamination
Pumps
Personnel
Adsorption
Acids
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry

これを引用

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title = "Preconcentration of Trace Rare-Earth Elements in Seawater by Complexation with Bis(2-ethylhexyl) Hydrogen Phosphate and 2-Ethylhexyl Dihydrogen Phosphate Adsorbed on a C18 Cartridge and Determination by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry",
abstract = "A rapid and reliable sample preconcentration method with minimum time-consumption and labor has been developed to separate rare-earth elements (REEs ) from seawater for the measurement by Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS). The method Involves adsorption of a mixture of bls(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate (HDEHP) and 2-of bls(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate (HEHP) and 2-ethylhexyl dlhydrogen phosphate (H2 MEHP) onto a C18 cartridge. By passage of seawater samples through the C118 cartridge, quantitative complexation of REEs with adsorbed complexlng agent took place and almost all matrix elements passed through to the drain. The REEs are then removed from the adsorbed complexlng agent with an add eluent. This technique used an eight-channel peristaltic pump for sample processing. Eight 1-L samples of seawater at flow rates of 20 mL/mln were preconcentrated within 1 h. This method permitted large enrichment factors of 200-1000-fold to be attained while providing almost matrix-free concentrate suitable for ICPMS analysis. The total contamination determined for the whole process was much less than 1{\%} of the amount of REEs In 1 L of seawater. The average precisions for all REEs after four replicate preconcentrations of 1000 and 5000 mL of the same seawater to final measurement solutions of 5 mL were calculated to be 2.72{\%} and 1.04{\%}, respectively. The parameters which were evaluated for the optimum experimental conditions Include pH of the sample, amount of complexlng agent loaded on the C18 cartridge, flow rate of the sample, volume of seawater, and concentration and volume of the acid for elution. Since there Is no standard seawater sample for REEs, In order to evaluate the precision and accuracy of this novel technique, the analytical results obtained by this method were compared with those obtained by ICPMS coupled with solvent extraction concentrations and neutron activation analysis (NAA) after Chelex 100 concentrations.",
author = "Shabani, {Mohammad B.} and Tasuku Akagi and Akimasa Masuda",
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T1 - Preconcentration of Trace Rare-Earth Elements in Seawater by Complexation with Bis(2-ethylhexyl) Hydrogen Phosphate and 2-Ethylhexyl Dihydrogen Phosphate Adsorbed on a C18 Cartridge and Determination by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry

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AU - Masuda, Akimasa

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AB - A rapid and reliable sample preconcentration method with minimum time-consumption and labor has been developed to separate rare-earth elements (REEs ) from seawater for the measurement by Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS). The method Involves adsorption of a mixture of bls(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate (HDEHP) and 2-of bls(2-ethylhexyl) hydrogen phosphate (HEHP) and 2-ethylhexyl dlhydrogen phosphate (H2 MEHP) onto a C18 cartridge. By passage of seawater samples through the C118 cartridge, quantitative complexation of REEs with adsorbed complexlng agent took place and almost all matrix elements passed through to the drain. The REEs are then removed from the adsorbed complexlng agent with an add eluent. This technique used an eight-channel peristaltic pump for sample processing. Eight 1-L samples of seawater at flow rates of 20 mL/mln were preconcentrated within 1 h. This method permitted large enrichment factors of 200-1000-fold to be attained while providing almost matrix-free concentrate suitable for ICPMS analysis. The total contamination determined for the whole process was much less than 1% of the amount of REEs In 1 L of seawater. The average precisions for all REEs after four replicate preconcentrations of 1000 and 5000 mL of the same seawater to final measurement solutions of 5 mL were calculated to be 2.72% and 1.04%, respectively. The parameters which were evaluated for the optimum experimental conditions Include pH of the sample, amount of complexlng agent loaded on the C18 cartridge, flow rate of the sample, volume of seawater, and concentration and volume of the acid for elution. Since there Is no standard seawater sample for REEs, In order to evaluate the precision and accuracy of this novel technique, the analytical results obtained by this method were compared with those obtained by ICPMS coupled with solvent extraction concentrations and neutron activation analysis (NAA) after Chelex 100 concentrations.

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