Prediction of intracranial lesions in patients with consciousness disturbance by ultrasonography in the intensive care unit

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

抄録

Objective: This study was performed to evaluate the correlation between parameters measured by bedside ultrasonography and detection of intracranial organic lesions in patients with impaired consciousness in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were admitted to our ICU from April 2017 to July 2019. Patients who underwent computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging examination and measurement of the flow velocity of the carotid and intracranial arteries and the optic nerve sheath diameter by ultrasonography were selected for analysis. Results: In total, 64 patients were analyzed in this study. Of these, intracranial lesions were detected by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging in 17 (27%) patients. The left:right ratio of the end-diastolic velocity of the bilateral common carotid artery (CCA-ED ratio) and the pulsatility index of the middle cerebral artery (MCA-PI) were significantly higher in patients with than in those without intracranial lesions. The cut-off value of the CCA-ED ratio was 1.55 (sensitivity, 66.7%; specificity, 81.6%), and that of the MCA-PI was 1.21 (sensitivity, 57.1%; specificity, 76.7%). Conclusion: Bedside ultrasonography is useful for predicting intracranial lesions requiring therapeutic intervention in ICU patients with impaired consciousness.

本文言語英語
ジャーナルJournal of International Medical Research
50
9
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 9月 2022

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学
  • 細胞生物学
  • 生化学、医学

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