Aim: To investigate whether liver fibrosis can be predicted by quantifying the deformity of the liver obtained based on computed tomographic (CT) images scanned under respiratory control. Materials and Methods: For dynamic CT of 47 patients, portal venous and equilibrium phases were scanned during inspiration and expiration, respectively. After rigid registration of the two images, non-rigid registration of the liver was performed, and the amount and direction of each voxel's shift during non-rigid registration was defined as the deformation vector. The correlation of each CT parameter for the obtained deformation vectors with the pathologically-proven degree of liver fibrosis was assessed using Spearman's rank correlation test. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was conducted for prediction of liver fibrosis. Results: The standard deviation, coefficient of variance (CV) and skewness were significantly negatively correlated with the degree of liver fibrosis (p=0.030, 0.009 and 0.037, respectively). Of these measures, CV was best correlated and significantly decreased as liver fibrosis progressed (rho=−0.376). CV showed accuracies of 66.0-70.2%, and the areas under curves were 0.654-0.727 for prediction of fibrosis of grade F1 or greater, F2 or greater, F3 or greater and F4 fibrosis. Conclusion: The deformation vector is a potential CT parameter for evaluating liver fibrosis.
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