To date, there have been few reports demonstrating preoperative predictors for left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) after LV assist device (LVAD) implantation, especially among patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We retrospectively analyzed 60 patients with stage D heart failure due to DCM who had received LVAD treatment [pulsatile flow (PF) type, 26; continuous flow type, 34]. Data were evaluated at 6 months or just before explantation of the LVAD. We defined "LV reverse remodeling" (LVRR) by the achievement of an LV ejection fraction (LVEF) of ≥35% after 6 months of LVAD support or explantation of LVAD within 6 months. LVRR occurred in 16 of our patients (26.7 %). Uni/multivariate logistic regression analyses for LVRR demonstrated that of the preoperative variables evaluated, PF LVAD usage and insufficient preoperative β-blocker treatment were independent predictors for LVRR. Patients who accomplished LVRR had a better clinical course, including lower levels of aortic valve insufficiency and lower levels of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide. Of the six patients (10.0 %) in whom LVADs were eventually explanted, all had an LVEF of ≥35 % before explantation or at 6 months. Based on these results, we conclude that DCM patients with insufficient preoperative β-blocker treatment have a chance to achieve LVRR under LVAD support as a bridge to recovery.
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