Prognostic factors of Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in children: Report of the Japan Histiocytosis Study Group

Kazuhiro Kogawa, Hiroki Sato, Takeshi Asano, Shouichi Ohga, Kazuko Kudo, Akira Morimoto, Shigeru Ohta, Hiroshi Wakiguchi, Hirokazu Kanegane, Megumi Oda, Eiichi Ishii

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

41 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Despite several advances in the treatment of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in recent years, patients with Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) do not always show satisfactory outcomes. We here conducted a nationwide survey in Japan to identify prognostic factors of EBV-HLH in children with this disease in an effort to improve the management and the outcomes of these patients. Procedure: Between January 2003 and June 2008, we enrolled 98 children younger than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with EBV-HLH. We then studied the clinical characteristics and laboratory findings at the time of diagnosis with the aim to identify prognostic factors for EBV-HLH. Results: The mean age of onset of EBV-HLH was 3.9±2.8 years. Most of our patients presented with fever, hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, and hemophagocytosis of bone marrow. Sixty-two percent of patients showed T cell clonality, and 97% had EBV infection in either T or natural killer cells. Most patients (60%) were treated with a multi-agent chemotherapeutic regimen, including corticosteroid, etoposide, and cyclosporine. After initial treatment, 90.3% of patients were in remission, and 7 patients (8.2%) experienced recurrence of EBV infection. Among several prognostic factors, patients with both hyperbilirubinemia (>1.8mg/dl) and hyperferritinemia (>20,300ng/ml) at the time of diagnosis had significantly poorer outcomes than those with low serum bilirubin and ferritin levels. Conclusions: These findings suggest that the therapeutic strategy for children with EBV-HLH could be tailored according to the laboratory findings at diagnosis. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2014;61:1257-1262.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1257-1262
ページ数6
ジャーナルPediatric Blood and Cancer
61
7
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 7 2014
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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