Proteases involved in long-term potentiation

Yoshiro Tomimatsu, Satoru Idemoto, Shigeki Moriguchi, Shigenori Watanabe, Hiroshi Nakanishi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

78 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Much attention has been paid to proteases involved in long-term potentiation (LTP). Calpains, Ca-dependent cysteine proteases, have first been demonstrated to be the mediator of LTP by the proteolytic cleavage of fodrin, which allows glutamate receptors located deep in the postsynaptic membrane to move to the surface. It is now generally considered that calpain activation is necessary for LTP formation in the cleavage of substrates such as protein kinase Cζ, NMDA receptors, and the glutamate receptor-interacting protein. Recent studies have shown that serine proteases such as tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), thrombin, and neuropsin are involved in LTP. tPA contributes to LTP by both receptor-mediated activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase and the cleavage of NMDA receptors. Thrombin induces a proteolytic activation of PAR-1, resulting in activation of protein kinase C, which reduces the voltage-dependent Mg2+ blockade of NMDA receptor-channels. On the other hand, neuropsin may act as a regulatory molecule in LTP via its proteolytic degradation of extracellular matrix protein such as fibronectin. In addition to such neuronal proteases, proteases secreted from microglia such as tPA may also contribute to LTP. The enzymatic activity of each protease is strictly regulated by endogenous inhibitors and other factors in the brain. Once activated, proteases can irreversibly cleave peptide bonds. After cleavage, some substrates are inactivated and others are activated to gain new functions. Therefore, the issue to identify substrates for each protease is very important to understand the molecular basis of LTP.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)355-361
ページ数7
ジャーナルLife Sciences
72
4-5
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12月 20 2002

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 薬理学、毒性学および薬学(全般)

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